American Journal of Public Administration


STATE EVICTION BANS: A POLICY RESPONSE TO COVID-19

Research Article of American Journal of Public Administration STATE EVICTION BANS: A POLICY RESPONSE TO COVID-19 Susan E. Baer, Ph.D.1*, Victor Ferreros, Ph.D.1 1Walden University, Contributing Faculty Member, School of Public Policy and Administration. The COVID-19 pandemic has shined a light on the importance of housing as a social determinant of health. To prevent millions of American renters from being evicted from their homes during the COVID-19 pandemic and potentially becoming homeless, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a temporary eviction ban order on September 4, 2020 that has currently been extended through June 30, 2021. This paper examines the rationale for the CDC temporary eviction ban order from a public health perspective. It then uses statistical techniques to explore the relationship between political and demographic variables and temporary eviction bans enacted in individual states during the pandemic. Results show a statistically significant relationship between political party control of the state legislature and temporary state eviction bans which suggests that partisanship has largely driven the use of temporary eviction bans as a policy response to COVID-19 at the state level. Keywords: Eviction ban; Eviction moratorium; Eviction; COVID- 19; Homelessness; Partisanship ...

THE NEGATIONISM OF ANTI VACCINE MOVEMENT

Review Article of American Journal of Public Administration THE NEGATIONISM OF ANTI VACCINE MOVEMENT Thais Monteiro de Lucena¹*, José Luiz de Campos Ribeiro Júnior¹, Myllena Carolina Sales da Silva¹, Nayhara Rayanna Gomes da Silva¹, Isla Naraelly Gonçalves de Moura Rosendo¹, Aracele Tenório de Almeida e Cavalcanti² ¹Discente da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE); ²Enfermeira do Hospital das Clinicas, Doutora em Ciências da Saúde, Docente da UFPE Objective: To identify the causes of the vaccine refusal and thus the severities that the anti-vaccine movement reflected in the population. Methods: Extended abstract of the literature review, researched papers documents in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) databases, the Journal Coordination Portal of Improvement of Higher-Education Personnel (CAPES), Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online), and Google Scholar applying exclusion criteria. Results: In their study Hu et al, 2019, observed 24.9% of vaccine refusal, a higher percentage compared to a sample of 285, where 33.7% have doubt in relation to the efficacy of the vaccine, 34% distrust the pharmaceutical industry, 38.2% are concerned with the vaccine safety, and 37.2% do not consider the vaccine essential, strongly characterizing the anti-vaccine movement. Fonseca et al, 2018, study shows a smaller percentage of vaccine refusals, 0.14%, which is considered low. This result may possibly be related to educational level of the sampled population. 74% of the participants in his study had higher education degrees indicating a possible correlation between education levels and acceptance of vaccination. Conclusion: Results of this study shows a need for further research on the repercussions of the anti-vaccine movement. It also demonstrate a need for additional outreach programs based on awareness and education of the population regarding vaccination. Keywords: Movement against vaccine. Refusal of vaccine. Vaccine immunogenicity ...

THE HOSPITAL EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE NETWORK AS NA INSRUMENT FOR THE STRENGTHENING OF COMPULSORY DISEASE AND CONSEQUENTIAL NOTIFICATION, PERNAMBUCO 2018

Research Article of American Journal of Public Administration THE HOSPITAL EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE NETWORK AS NA INSRUMENT FOR THE STRENGTHENING OF COMPULSORY DISEASE AND CONSEQUENTIAL NOTIFICATION, PERNAMBUCO 2018 Janaina Larissa Santana Andrade¹*, Lucilene Rafael Aguiar², Romildo Siqueira de Assunção², Maria do Carmo Oliveira Rocha², Patricia Ismael de Carvalho² ¹Instituto Aggeu Magalhães – Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; ² Secretaria Estadual de Saúde de Pernambuco Objetive: Describe the contribution of the State Hospital Epidemiological Surveillance Network of Pernambuco (VEH/PE) for the registration of cases of diseases and conditions of immediate compulsory notification, in Pernambuco, 2018. Methods: Descriptive study, type of experience report, of surveillance of 31 hospitals of the VEH / PE Network, in 2018. The data sources were from the Notifiable Diseases Information System and the data referring to DNCI were from FormSus, available on the Center's Platform Strategic Health Surveillance Information. The proportions of notifications for Compulsory Notification Disease from the VEH/PE Network were calculated in relation to the total number of notifications made at Sinan. Results: Among the DNC notifications registered by Sinan (Net, Online and Web influenza, 30,1% came from the 31 hospitals of the VEH/PE Network. When analyzed, by information system, the Network was responsible for 28,4% of the records made in Sinan Net by 2.687 reporting units, in Sinan Online, 25,9% in relation to 1.247 reporting units and for Sinan Web Influenza the contribution was 82,3% in relation to the 69 reporting units. Immediate compulsory notification diseases/conditions communicated to CIEVS, 50,2% of the communications came from the Network As for the opportunity for immediate notification of diseases and conditions, 90,7% were communicated in due time by the VEH/PE Network. Conclusion: It is important to strengthen the Network aiming at surveillance, disease/disease control and operationalization of information systems, in order to support the manager in decision making. Keywords:Public Health ...

WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT: ARE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 2030 ACHIEVABLE? A STUDY OF BRICS COUNTRIES

Research Article of American Journal of Public administration WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT: ARE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 2030 ACHIEVABLE? A STUDY OF BRICS COUNTRIES Avik Ghosh and Medha Ganguly Ghosh The study is aimed at defining, measuring, analysing and recommending policies pertaining to women and child development in BRICS countries. The developmental initiatives and achievements have been linked with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 2030). The four relevant goals pertaining to women and children have been earmarked for further analysis and detailed cross-country comparative data analysis has been performed. Key measurement indicators have been benchmarked as focus areas. The outcome was inspiring due to the sustainable and increasing trend of the development indicators. The historical policy initiatives of the BRICS countries have been evaluated and landmark policies have been identified with its impact on the socio-economic development. The impact and necessity of public policy preparation and intervention in the light of targeted goal orientation has been elaborated in the paper. In the conclusion, we have highlighted the positive impact of Neoclassical Realist policymaking to ensure implementable and feasible policies to meet developmental needs of SDG 2030. Keywords: Women development, Child development, Sustainable Development Goals, Analysis of BRICS countries, Policy interventions, Public Policy ...

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American Journal of Public administration

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