American Journal of Public Administration


WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT: ARE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 2030 ACHIEVABLE? A STUDY OF BRICS COUNTRIES

Research Article of American Journal of Public administration WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT: ARE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 2030 ACHIEVABLE? A STUDY OF BRICS COUNTRIES Avik Ghosh and Medha Ganguly Ghosh The study is aimed at defining, measuring, analysing and recommending policies pertaining to women and child development in BRICS countries. The developmental initiatives and achievements have been linked with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 2030). The four relevant goals pertaining to women and children have been earmarked for further analysis and detailed cross-country comparative data analysis has been performed. Key measurement indicators have been benchmarked as focus areas. The outcome was inspiring due to the sustainable and increasing trend of the development indicators. The historical policy initiatives of the BRICS countries have been evaluated and landmark policies have been identified with its impact on the socio-economic development. The impact and necessity of public policy preparation and intervention in the light of targeted goal orientation has been elaborated in the paper. In the conclusion, we have highlighted the positive impact of Neoclassical Realist policymaking to ensure implementable and feasible policies to meet developmental needs of SDG 2030. Keywords: Women development, Child development, Sustainable Development Goals, Analysis of BRICS countries, Policy interventions, Public Policy ...

Impact of Disaggregated Public Expenditure on Unemployment Rate of Selected African Countries: A Panel Dynamic Analysis Approach [PDAA]

Research Article of American Journal of Public administration Impact of Disaggregated Public Expenditure on Unemployment Rate of Selected African Countries: A Panel Dynamic Analysis Approach [PDAA] Aphu Elvis Selase College of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China 430074 The study demonstrated the impact of disaggregated public expenditure on unemployment rate in selected African countries with panel data spanning from 2000 to 2017. The data were majorly sourced from the World Bank Indicator. The study employed Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) techniques for empirical analysis. The findings of two-step system GMM showed that expenditure on infrastructure and education reduce unemployment rate, while expenditure on defense and health increase unemployment rate in the region. The short-run elasticity estimate showed that infrastructure and education expenditures reduce unemployment rate by 9% and 1.83%. A unit rise in defense and health expenditure increase unemployment rate by 5.2% and 84.5%. The long-run elasticity of infrastructure and education expenditure reduce unemployment rate by 3.8% and 7.89 %, while the long-run defense and health expenditure elasticity’s increase unemployment rate by 22.22% and 364.58% in the selected African countries. The policy implication is that, the positive relationship between expenditure on health and unemployment could be attributed to mismanagement of government funds due to corruption, while that of defense and unemployment could be high rate of insecurity and crimes in the region. Therefore, the study recommended among others a drastic measure to further improve the education sector through adequate investment in education that will help in skills, development and training. Keywords: African Countries, Expenditure Rate, Health, Defense, Education, Infrastructure, Unemployment ...

Community Policing Toward Social Problem Solving: A Study on Sylhet Metropolitan Police

Research Article of American Journal of Public administration Community Policing Toward Social Problem Solving: A Study on Sylhet Metropolitan Police Md. Uzzal Miah and Shamima Tasnim Department of Public Administration, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114. Community policing is one of the strategies in the police where the traditional model of policing was transformed to involve people in the service delivery. This study examined the model of problem-solving policing, its various problems and preventive measures. It also investigated whether social problem-solving policing criteria is existing in community policing. The social survey method was deployed to collect data and information through fieldwork. Data were collected from the service receivers as well as service providers (Community Police) of Jalalabad Thana and Kotwali Thana under the Sylhet Metropolitan Police (SMP). To know the in-depth information about community policing, several case studies also conducted. The study revealed that Community Policing is working smoothly and solving various social problems (such as social disputes, drug addiction, child marriage, eve-teasing, and domestic violence). They are operating their activities more efficiently in the rural area. However, some displeasure among the service receivers still exists. Many people are not satisfied with the activities of the working committee, coordination committee as well as corrupt practices of community police officers. Thus, initiatives should be taken to deliver objective service to the people and surpass the associated problems. Keywords: Community Policing, SMP, Social Problems, SARA, CPF, Bangladesh ...

Perception of Community Members on the provision of Low Cost Housing in Kwa-Dlangezwa Area, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Research Article of American Journal of Public administration Perception of Community Members on the provision of Low Cost Housing in Kwa-Dlangezwa Area, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Lindokuhle Muziwandile Mkhwanazi, Mfaniseni Wiseman Mbatha, Manqoba Khulekani Phakathi University of Zululand, South Africa The South African government of democracy have shown to prioritise the provision of low cost housing to poor communities. This paper critically investigates the perception of community members on the provision of low cost housing. The paper followed qualitative approach with an ethnographic research design and semi-structured interviews, as a result, the open ended questions were used as a tool for data collection. The snowball sampling was adopted as a procedure to sample the intended participants. The sample size of this paper was 36 participants and content analysis was used to analyse and categorise the data. The provision of low cost housing in South Africa was introduced with an intention to deal with racial inequalities created during apartheid period, while also addressing issues related to poor services delivery in local municipalities. Some of the indispensable facets of the findings expose that the local government is struggling to address the existence of bottlenecks in ensuring housing provision and the apparently cumulative demand of housing. The findings of the study found that the low cost housing beneficiaries were not involved during the processes of decision making and implementation phase of the projects. While political affiliation noted as an underlying factor that creates unfairness provision of low cost housing. Therefore, municipal officials through ward councillors and community leaders should play an essential role to facilitate smooth provision of low cost housing, while ensuring that the intervention reaches intended beneficiaries without unnecessary backlogs. Keywords: Low Cost Housing, Service Delivery, Poor People, South Africa ...

DR. FROILAN D. MOBO
Associate Professor II, Designated Assistant Unit Head for General Education Unit, Philippine Merchant Marine Academy

Dr Tan Seok Tyug
Department of Healthcare Professional, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Management and Science University

Dr Sandhiya .V
Assistant professor, C.L.baid metha college of pharmacy

Dr. ROBERT NOWACKI
Assistant Professor, Head of Marketing Department, Marketing Department, Faculty of Management and Finance, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw

American Journal of Public administration

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American Journal of Public administration

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