International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine



Ethnomedicinal Survey of Medicinal Plants Traditionally Used in Ogurugu Community Southeast Nigeria for the Treatment of Malaria

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Ethnomedicinal Survey of Medicinal Plants Traditionally Used in Ogurugu Community Southeast Nigeria for the Treatment of Malaria Cletus .A. Ukwubile*, Otalu Otalu, Umar Abdulrahim, Alexander .E. Angyu, Y.K. Aliyu5, Salihu Njidda, Mathias. S. Bingari Malaria is described as a disease that is caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium. The parasites are transmitted to humans through the bites of an infected vector the female Anopheles mosquitoes. There are about 100 million estimated cases of malaria resulting in more than 300,000 deaths annually in Nigeria. This figure is high when compared to deaths from infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS. Maternal mortality from malaria fever alone is estimated at 11%. Despite preventive measures to avoid mosquito bites by use of insecticide-treated nets (ITN), and chemotherapy such as the use of artemisinin combination therapy (ACT), very little results were achieved, as the parasite seems to have developed resistance to these measures. This study was aimed at surveying medicinal plants used in folk medicine by the Ogurugu community Southeast Nigeria for the treatment of malaria. Traditional medicine practitioners, native herbalists, traditional healers, and product marketers were interviewed orally and the use of 200 structured questionnaires on the plants used to treat malaria as well as medicinal plants used for the treatment. Morphological parts of fifty-four (54) plant species from thirty-two (33) families were collected in the survey. Only 30 % of the plants surveyed were reported to have antimalarial activities against Plasmodium berghei. Family Asteraceae have the highest number of species diversity with 11.54 % (6), followed by Family Annonaceae with 9.62% (5) and Family Euphorbiaceae with 5.77% (3), whereas Amaranthaceae, Anacardiaceae, Humiriaceae and Sterculiaceae Families have each 3.85 % (2) species diversity. Other Families have 1.92 % (1) species distribution. A decoction ...

Proximate Analysis, Phtochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Of Different Strains of Auricularia auricula-judae (Ear Mushroom)

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Proximate Analysis, Phtochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Of Different Strains of Auricularia auricula-judae (Ear Mushroom) Mohammad Azizur Rahman*, Abdullah Al Masud, Nilufar Yasmin Lira, Salman Shakil Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342, Bangladesh. In this study, proximate analysis, phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity of two strains of ear mushroom Auricularia auricula (arbitrarily named strain 3 and 5) and their mix, cultivated in Bangladesh National Mushroom Development Institute, have been determined. Protein content per 100 gm of strain 5, 7 and mix had been found to be 298.69mg, 278.85mg and 286.19mg, respectively. Lipid content estimated were 2.43gm, 1.96 gm and 2.4gm, respectively, while that of ash were 4.42 gm, 6.11gm and 3.93gm, respectively. A. auricula strain 7 contained highest amounts of total phenol, total flavonoid, ascorbic acid and reducing sugar than the others. Among the three strains evaluated in the present study, A. auricula 7 contained highest nutritional and medicinal components. Thus, A. auricula 7 might be an ideal food supplement to the consumers. Keywords: Anti-oxidant; Auricularia auricula; Phytochemical analysis; Proximate composition ...

Remediation for oligospermia in males using the extract of traditional herbs Withania somnifera and Emila sanchifolia

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Remediation for oligospermia in males using the extract of traditional herbs Withania somnifera and Emila sanchifolia Elizabeth Mathew K a, G.Athinarayanan b, C.Padmalatha. c, and A J A Ranjitsingh d a.Fertility Clinic Mallapuram Kerala, b-Department of Microbiology .SRNY College, Tenkasi, c-Dept.of Animal sciences, MS University,dDept of Biotechnology Prathyusha Engineering College, Chennai Due to life style changes, climatic changes, occupational problems and Food, air and water pollutants, the present generation of human beings are affected much of the different health issues, sterile marriage is a matter of great concern. The infertility rate is increasing at an alarming rate. In the infertility marriage, the male factor is more responsible for sterility. To improve male semen quality traditional plant remedy were tried for 3 treatment duration of each 40 days. Aqueous extracts of two medicinal plants Withania somnifera and Emila sanchifolia were given to chronic cases of infertile males with oligospermia. The results obtained for the plant extract treated and untreated groups showed a remarkable difference in the semen parameters .In the plant drug treated males, the total sperm count, motility, pH, and non -deformed sperms are above the optimum levels prescribed for normal fertility .The present study clearly indicates that the mixture of plant extracts exerted a good improvement in semen characteristics. Keywords: Withania somnifera ; Emila sanchifolia; infertility;semen quality; oligospermia ...

Standardization and HPTLC, Fingerprinting study of Poly Herbal Formulation-Habb-e-Falij, traditionally used in the treatment of Paralysis and Facial Paisy treatment

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Standardization and HPTLC, Fingerprinting study of Poly Herbal Formulation-Habb-e-Falij, traditionally used in the treatment of Paralysis and Facial Paisy treatment Pawan Kumar Sagar*, R. Murugeswaran, M.W.Ahmed, Shahidul Khair,S.A.Ansari, Sonali Sajwan, S.A.A. Hashmi, Mohd Asif, Jitendra Kumar Drug Standardization Research Institute, (Under CCRUM, Ministry of AYUSH., Govt. of India), PLIM Campus, II nd Floor, Kamla Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, U.P., India Standardization is used to describe all measures under taken during the manufacturing process and quality control of drug assuring its reproducible quality. Most of the traditional medicines are effective but still they lack in their standard parameters. Therefore, we need to develop standard techniques to standardize and validate herbal formulations. The drug Habb-e-Falij is therapeutically useful in the treatment of Falij or Laqwa (Paralysis and Facial Paisy) and as a Nervine stimulant. The drug Habb-e-Falij was prepared in three different batches as per the guidelines of National Formulary of Unani Medicine (Part-I), Present study is aimed to evaluate the pharmacopoeial standards using physico-chemical parameters; HPTLC fingerprints, quality control and assurance parameters, using WHO guideline to ascertain the quality of drug. The physico-chemical data showed that the drug contain moisture(1.42%), total ash (75.0%), acid in-soluble (68.02%), alcohol and water soluble extractive matter (9.52%) and (11.47%), pH(1% solution) (5.30),pH(10% solution)(5.78) and the TLC / HPTLC finger prints showed various spots at 254nm, 366nm and visible light (V-S reagent). The quality control study revealed the absence of microbial load, aflatoxins, heavy metals and pesticide residues, The evaluated standards will be very much useful for laying the phamacopoeial standards of Habb-e-Falij and also in providing the quality medicine to needful human beings. Keywords: Habb-e-Falij, Physicochemical, Quality Control and Assurance parameters, TLC /HPTLC finger printing , Poly herbal formulation ...

Editor-in-chief: 

Dr. Papiya Bigoniya Professor, Radharaman College of pharmacy, Radharaman Group of Institutes, India.

Editors:

Dr. Zhaoxiang Bian
Associate Vice-President, Chair Professor of School of Chinese Medicine, Director of Clinical Division and Associate Director of Institute of Creativity, Hong Kong Baptist University.

Dr. Woo-Sang Jung
Professor of Cardiology and Neurology (Stroke Center), College of Korean Medicine, Director of Korean Medical Emergency Room, Hospital of Korean Medicine, Kyung-Hee University.

Dr. M J Nanjan
Professor, Physical Chemistry (Retd.) of University of Madras, Chennai, India.

Dr. Daniel Man-yuen SZE
Deputy Program Coordinator for Master of Laboratory Medicine, School of Health & Biomedical Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute (HIRi), RMIT University, Australia.

Dr. Shamim Ahmad
Professor of Microbiology, Officer In-Charge (Head) & Teacher In-Charge (Administrations), Microbiology Section, Institute of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine , Aligarh Muslim University, India.

Dr. Qingwen Zhang
Associate Professor, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences (ICMS), University of Macau.

Dr. Ansiur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh
Former Head, Deptt. of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Presently an Emeritus Professor, University Grants Commission, Govt. of India, at  University of Kalyani.

Dr. Bajpayee Kaptain Kishor
Assistant Professor &HOD in the Botany Department, DR.RML P.G. COLLEGE (C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY), HARDOI 241001 INDIA.

Dr. Hua-chuan Zheng
Professor, Cancer Research Center; Laboratory Animal Center; The Key Laboratory of Brain and Spinal Injury of Liaoning Province, Laboratory Animal Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, China.

Dr. Emre Yalcinkaya
ESC Training Fellow in Electrophysiology, Clinic of Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Dr Zhi-Ling YU
Associate Professor, Teaching and Research Division, Fellow, Center for Cancer and Inflammation Research, Director, Master of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Chinese Medicine, Director, Consun Chinese Medicines Research Centre for Renal Diseases, Associate Director, Technology Development Division, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr Shivani Sanjeev Gavande
Associate professor, Kayachikitsa at Dr. J.J.Magdum Ayurved medical college, Jaysingpur

Dr. Hiroyasu Satoh
Professor, Health Life Science, Shitennoji University, Habikino, Osaka 583-8501, Japan.

Dr. Paolo Roberti di Sarsina
Chairperson, Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicine of the Observatory and Methods for Health, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy.

Dr. Yibin Feng
Professor & Associate Director (Education), School of Chinese Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Dr. Afrozul Haq
Professor & Principal Scientist, R & D Division, VPS Healthcare, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Dr Manuel Fernandes Ferreira

Full Professor, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto Rua do Campo Alegre, S/N Edifício FC4.Portugal.

Dr Jennifer Hunter
Senior Research Fellow, National Institute of Complementary Medicine, Western Sydney University, Australia.

Dr. Jiahong Lu
Assistant Professor, Institute of Chinese Medical Science, The University of Macau.

Dr. William Cho
Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong.

Dr. Wenzhe Ma
Assistant Professor, State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Taipa, Macau.

Dr Swapnil Sabgonda Patil
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Rognidan Avum Vikrutividnyan

Dr. Hongjie Zhang
Associate Professor, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.

Dr. Nitin Mantri
Senior Lecturer in Biotechnology, Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Science, RMIT University, Victoria,  Australia.

Dr Dudhamal Tukaram Sambhaji
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Shalya Tantra, IPGT&RA,Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.

Dr Thomas Harris
Complex Health Management, 85 Jubilee Av. Forest Lake. Q 4078. Australia.

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1. M. B. FALANA, M. O. BANKOLE and A. M. OMEMU. In Vivo effects of dosage of leaf, bark and root extracts of V. paradoxa on diarhoea-induced albino rats.International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2018, 3:8. DOI: 10.28933/ijtcm-2018-07-0401 
2. Hemanth Kumar Manikyam, C.Ramesh, Krishna Mohan Poluri, Harinath Reddy Kasireddy, Charitha Devi Mekala.Bio-enhancement effect of Bos primigenius indicus urine isolates on Curcumin anticancer activity using different human cell line models of A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat and K562 .International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2017, 2:2. DOI: 10.28933/ijtcm-2017-11-2001 

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International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor in Traditional and Complementary Medicine (indexing details).

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