Open Journal of Language and Linguistics


ASSESSING THE INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP PRACTICES OF PRINICIPALS IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS OF CITY ADMINSTRATION

Research Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics ASSESSING THE INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP PRACTICES OF PRINICIPALS IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS OF CITY ADMINSTRATION Desalegn Ejigu Tefera Bahir Dar University and Lecturer at the University of Gondar (UOG) The purpose of this study was to examine the current status of instructional leadership practices of principals, identifying the dimension of instructional leadership principals give more priority in the management and leadership of schools and identifying the factors that affect instructional leadership. A descriptive survey design was employed in this study.5 (30%) full cycle primary and 2 (20%) secondary schools in Gondar City Administration were included in the study by using Simple random (lottery) sampling technique. All schools Principals, 7(100%), Vice Principals 7(100%) and 4(100%) Supervisors were included in the study through comprehensive sampling technique. In addition to this, 1 (33.33%) District education expert was included in the study by using simple random (lottery) sampling technique. From the total target population of 346 (100%) teachers in Gondar City Administration 106 (30.63%) of them were selected through stratified random sampling technique. After the size of sample teachers from each school was known, the selection of individual teacher sample was conducted by using simple random sampling (lottery) techniques. Questionnaire, focused group discussion and semi structured interview were the instruments used for data collection. The data collected through the questionnaire were analyzed by using percentage, descriptive statics (mean and standard deviation) and t-test statistical analyses procedures. The data collected from open ended questioners, interview and focused group discussion were analyzed by using narrative description to complement the quantitative data. The result of the study indicated that, the instructional leadership practices of principals in government schools of Gondar City Administration were moderate with the overall mean scores of 3.179(63.58%).But principals were not provided equal attentions to the three ...

Negative Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Cultures: the Case of Salale Oromo, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Research Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Negative Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Cultures: the Case of Salale Oromo, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia Zewde Getahun Lecturer of International Relations at Salale University, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, Salale University, Ethiopia. The aim of this article is to assess the negative impact of globalization on indigenous cultures in general and North Shewa in particular. The research is conducted based on qualitative methodology which used in-depth individual interview and observation which helps to raise a better understanding about negative impact of globalization on indigenous cultures. The key informants were taken from selected five towns of North Shewa zone of Oromia regional state which include Fitche town, Garba Guracha town, Gowa Tsion town, Tullu Milki town and Debre Tsige town of Ethiopia. The main objectives of this article is to explain the dimensions of the negative impact of globalization on indigenous Ethiopian cultures such as language, food style, dressing style, marriage, religion and history. In the process of globalization, there is an interaction of cultures and thus, there is a borrowing and transmission of cultures among societies. This is in itself not unusual. But unusual is the domination of one culture over the other. This is true of globalization which has generated a lot of controversy with regards to the rise of a global culture. In the rise of a global culture, Western norms are gradually being transported across the globe as acceptable way of behavior and Ethiopia is one of African countries affected in this regard. Those some valued indigenous Ethiopian culture has been diluted and some of them are totally cancelled. So, Ethiopia is fast running the risk of cultural atrophy consequent of the current logic of globalization. If pressing measures are ...

Teachers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Differentiated Instruction: The Case of Department of Educational Planning and Management Faculty of Education University of Gondar

Research Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Teachers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Differentiated Instruction: The Case of Department of Educational Planning and Management Faculty of Education University of Gondar Addis Tsegaye Zegeye Department of Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, Bahir Dar University Students’ populations are becoming more academically diverse due to ever increasing variety of learners in the heterogeneous classroom make-up. Effective teachers in contemporary classrooms have to learn to develop classroom routines that attend to learner variance in order to raise students’ achievement. Teachers need to focus on using sound instructional practices that will improve students’ performance for all types of learners. The purpose of the study was to investigate the teachers’ knowledge, attitude and practice of differentiated instruction in the case of faculty of education in the department of Educational Planning and Management (EdPM) at University of Gondar(UoG). The study employed qualitative research method with case study design which was used to answer the research questions raised. The research participants were dean of the faculty of education, the department head of EdPM and teachers at UoG. The participants were purposively selected. Interview and Focus Group Discussion were used to collect data. The data obtained were analyzed and interpreted using qualitative description and narration .The results of the analysis showed that teachers have positive attitude towards Differentiated Instruction (DI). However, the elements of DI were not properly practiced yet as expected for a number of reasons. It was then concluded that the prevailing practice of DI was poor. In addition to this, the trend of using the lecture method frequently and assessing students based on examinations as mere modes of teaching and assessment were emphasized at the faculty. To overcome this, it was suggested that the current mode of teaching ...

Article Review on the Current Education policy and curriculum issues in Ethiopia: Trends that Reveal the Problem of Practicing Policy Provisions in Institutions

Review Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Article Review on the Current Education policy and curriculum issues in Ethiopia: Trends that Reveal the Problem of Practicing Policy Provisions in Institutions Addis Tsegaye Zegeye Department of Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, Bahir Dar University Education and development are closely related endeavours. This is the main reason why we always say Education is the key instrument in the development of nations. Education, as a very important factor to human development, is of a high priority in the overall development endeavor of the government. Hence, it requires an appropriate direction to set a new process in motion and change the alarming situation. For this, a comprehensive education and training policy is formulated. It is having this due attention that the different researchers study on the education and training of Ethiopia and the different policy provisions for citizens. This paper is a review of twenty research studies conducted on Ethiopian education policy provisions and curriculum issues. Its purpose is to understand how much of the education policy provisions and curriculum issues were investigated in those researches and to reveal the possible problems of practicing the provisions in institutions. The examination of the main focus of each study revealed that the Current Ethiopian Education and Training Policy has addressed or incorporated the different provisions such as diversity, gender, language, issues of multicultural education, and mother tongue education. But most of the policy provisions were not sufficiently institutionalized and implemented as expected. Possible reasons for the problem of practicing the different policy provisions in institutions and the way forward are discussed. Keywords: Education, Education policy, Curriculum, policy provision, Institutions, Ethiopia ...

Dr. Muhammad Tariq
COMSATS University

Dr Olta Totoni
University of Tirana

Open Journal of Language and Linguistics

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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Open Journal of Language and Linguistics (ISSN:2637-8787;DOI:10.28933/OJLL) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor inLanguage and Linguistics (indexing details).

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