Library and Information Science

  • A Preliminary Study of the Role of University Library in the Age of Fragmented Reading

    In China, the development and the wide usage of mobile Internet and intelligent terminal devices have exerted a huge impact on people’s reading patterns. Reading has entered the “Fragmentation Era”, and “Fragmented Reading” has become the major pattern of reading.This paper expounds the advantages and disadvantages of fragmented reading and the influence of the major trend of fragmented reading on college students’ reading and what role should university library play and what reading service should it provide in the age of fragmented reading.

  • To describe the prevalence data in new cases of leprosy in the years 2013 to 2015 in Pernambuco

    Introduction: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It has eminent persistence in Brazil, which occupies the second place in the ranking with the highest number of new cases in the world. The upper airways are the main entrance and exit port for the bacillus, and the transmission occurs in close and prolonged contact with the carrier. Objective: To describe the prevalence data in new cases of leprosy in the years 2013 to 2015 by sample of municipalities of the State of Pernambuco with more than 100 new cases. Methodology: It is a study in secondary databases, through the Basic Data indicators of Brazil, a tool integral to the health information system, using quantitative analysis of variables. Results: Jaboatão dos Guararapes and Petrolina are municipalities that presented a significant increase in the number of new cases, contrasting the values from 2013 to 2015, with 256 and 283 respectively. On the other hand, Olinda and Recife in the same period, presented an expressive decrease, in which Olinda in 2013 obtained 225 new cases; in 2015, the number of new cases was 207. Recife was the municipality that presented the most expressive results of reduction of cases: from 603 new cases in 2013 to 484 new cases in 2015. Discussion: Although some municipalities present a reduction in new cases, in general it can be said that there were significant increases in the number of new cases when all counties. Conclusion: The analysis of these data show the need to reorganize on the deficiencies present in the programs and policies related to leprosy, as disregard the growing increases in new cases over the years is to allow the spread of a disease that can lead the individual to severe disability.

  • Disabled pronouness filling: an entrance to health services

    Introduction: Information is a fundamental element in the analysis of health situations, because they offer subsidies for the planning and organization of services. At the end of 2015 new cases of children born with microcephaly associated with Zika Virus infection were registered. These children were introduced into the network of attention to the disabled person for early stimulation and developmental follow-up. It is hoped that the record of the attention given to these children will be correctly made in the medical records, which are the formal instruments of the interventions made by the professionals. Objectives: To describe the quality of records made of medical records of children diagnosed with microcephaly accompanied at a level III Specialized Rehabilitation Center in the state of Alagoas. Method: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional research, where the records of the secondary data were analyzed in medical records of children diagnosed with microcephaly, accompanied at a specialties center. It were monitored the filling of related variables: age, gender, cephalic perimeter (CP) and Neonatal Screening Tests (NSTs); The origin and infections related to the gestational period of the mothers of these children. Results: A total of 30 medical records were evaluated, where they presented fragility in the filling, being the variables related to origin and sociodemographic aspects the most precarious. Discussion: It was verified the absence of exams recommended by the Ministry of Health, the records of the conducts were not clearly described, besides the absence of a standardized evaluation form. Conclusion: It can be evidenced that there is precariousness in the filling of documents that characterize the monitoring of children with microcephaly in a specialized rehabilitation center, preventing the delineation of the sociodemographic profile of the users, as well as the correct mapping of the origin of the cases. This lack of data limits correct…

  • To describe the epidemiological profile of women with breast cancer, in Pernambuco, from 2009 to 2014

    Introduction: Breast cancer is a serious public health problem, due to its high incidence, morbidity, mortality and its high cost of treatment. It is the second most frequent type of cancer in Brazil and the world and the most frequent among women. It is perceived that its incidence is higher in developing countries. In Brazil, breast cancer mortality rates remain high because the disease is still diagnosed in advanced stages. Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of women with breast cancer, in Pernambuco, from 2009 to 2014. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out based on the quantitative data from the public domain of the Ministry of Health, referring to the incidence of breast cancer from July 2009 to February 2014. Only Cases of malignant neoplasm in women, considering the following variables: race, schooling, age group and histopathological grade. Results and discussion: During the period considered for data collection, there were 2,281 cases of breast cancer in the Pernambuco Region, with an increasing trend over the years. Regarding the age group, the majority of women (17%) were older than 70 years at the time of diagnosis of malignant lesions, followed by women between 50 and 54 years (14%). Regarding education, 87% is ignored, followed by incomplete elementary education (6%). Brown women (26%) represent the largest part of the contingent diagnosed. Regarding the histological grade, 67% was invaluable, while grades II and III represent 31%. Conclusion: It is evident the need for continuity in investments in the development of comprehensive actions for the control of cancer, in the different levels of performance, as well as the continuity of feeding of the Information Systems, since it is knowing its epidemiological profile through the years that the actions May be better elaborated.

  • Public spending with relocation hospital for diabetes mellitus in Pernambuco in the last 5 years

    Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a disease, which affects large populations the state of Pernambuco, becoming a public health problem. People with this disease who are seeking care in public, can also receive care in agreements networks of the Unified Health System (SUS), which receives financial transfers from the Ministry of Health, through its three levels: Federal, State and County. DM uncontrolled was responsible for 30,106 hospitalizations in the past 5 years, bringing costs that could be avoided. Objective: present the annual costs of hospitalizations for DM in the public and private system of the state of SUS and Pernambuco. Methodology: This is um-descriptive study with cross-section from the public domain data available in the system Information SUS Hospital- SIH / SUS processed by DATASUS Diabetes mellitus. Data collection was carried out considering the years 2012 to 2016, using the expenditure data with admissions of derivative financial resources. To analyze the data we used the absolute values. Results and Discussion: In the period studied the total value dand used funds was R$ 20,545,949.98. The value used in 2012 was R$ 3,895,248.58 in 2013 R$ 4,516,990.86 in 2014 R$ 4,275,578.10 in 2015 R$ 3,837,742.69 in 2016 and R$ 4,020,389.75. The age group with more admissions were people between 60 and 79 years, totaling 13,796 cases, of both sexes. These quantitative belong to a network of 237 health facilities that are distributed throughout the state. Conclusion: With the improvement of health policy strategies in primary care, proper allocation of resources and efficiency in administration can achieve a reduction in the number of illnesses, thus reducing the value used to the hospitalization.

  • The Excellence of Pharmacy Practice

    Over tOver the past 50 years, the role of pharmacists has evolved along with the health care needs of our population. In addition to dispensing medications and ensuring patient safety, today’s pharmacists are taking a larger role as medical counselors, educators and advocates. They are integral part of the health care team, and are among the most trusted and accessible health care professionals. This accessibility allows them to perform more patient care activities, including counseling, medication management, and preventive care screenings. Beyond the care provided to individual patients, pharmacists have expanded their reach to influence the public health of communities. A pharmacist is uniquely positioned to provide disease state management through appropriate medication therapy management that has been demonstrated to improve patient outcomes and decrease overall health care costs. This role is more important than ever as the environment is demanding new practice and payment models that are required to further optimize care and outcomes while addressing the unsustainable increases in health care costs.

  • Epidemiologic profile of diabetes mellitus in the state of pernambuco between 2002 and 2012

    Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases that affects humans in all stages of social and economic development, representing a big threat for the health of all the Brazilians. Objectives: Analyze epidemiologic profile of DM in the state of Pernambuco from 2002 to 2012 Methodology: It’s a retrospective study of epidemiologic nature with descriptive and quantitative approach. Data was provided by Hiperdia, avaiable at Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS). The variables of this study are: Type of Diabetes, year, age, gender and amputation of diabetic foot. Results and Discussions: From 15.856 people with DM, 75,32% have DM Type2. The year of 2004 represented the lower occurrence rate of the disease for Type 1 (3,07%) and for Type 2 (3,86%). In the years of 2009 and 2002 the ocurrence number was higher, with 13,14% for Type 1 and 17,28% for Type 2. Both Types 1 and 2 represents de major occurrence in the age between 50 and 59 years old. However, Type 1 is less frequent in people with at least 80 years old while Type 2 is less frequent in the age between 15 and 19 years old. With respect to gender both Types are more common in women, with (61,96%) for Type 1 and (63,92%) for Type 2. In relation to people that suffered amputation of diabetic foot, 2,59% are Type 1 and 1,73% are Type 2, it brings the attention due to the fact that Type 2 DM is the most common Type. Conclusion: The understanding of DM epidemiologic scenario is important for acting directly at the most vulnerable social categories with efforts to promote and recover the health within completeness patterns.

  • The Changeover Pharmacy Care

    Medication-related issues are normal among home consideration patients who take numerous medications and have complex therapeutic narratives and medical issues. The objectives of home medicinal services administrations are to assist people with improving capacity and live with more noteworthy autonomy; to advance the customer’s ideal dimension of prosperity; and to help the patient to stay at home, evading hospitalization or admission to long haul care foundations. Home consideration is an arrangement of consideration given by gifted professionals to patients in their homes under the heading of a doctor. Home human services administrations incorporate nursing care; physical, word related, and discourse dialect treatment; and restorative social administrations. Doctors may allude patients for home social insurance administrations, or the administrations might be asked for by relatives or patients. The scope of home medicinal services benefits a patient can get at home is boundless. Contingent upon the individual patient’s circumstance, care can go from nursing care to particular restorative administrations, for example, research center workups. Basic judgments among home human services patients incorporate circulatory disease, heart disease, injury and poisoning, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disease and respiratory disease.