International Journal of Case Reports

  • A rare case of Warthin-like papillary thyroid carcinoma associated to Graves’ disease

    Warthin-like variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (WLV-PTC) is a recently described rare variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma with favorable prognosis. We present a rare case of WLV-PTC in a 29-year-old female patient with graves’ disease along with emphasis on the difficulty of positive diagnosis both clinically and histologically since the association of thyroid nodules with Graves’ disease is not common and this variant of thyroid cancer is frequently misdiagnosed with other subtypes.

  • Breast metastasis from pancreatic adenocarcinoma in a male patient

    Metastasis to the breast from extramammary carcinoma are uncommon. A 63-year-old male presented with abdominal pain resistant to treatment. On clinical examination, the abdomen was soft, depressible but sensitive in the left upper quadrant. Palpation of the right breast revealed a subcutaneous mobile nodule, mobile, measuring 1.5 cm long axis. A whole-body CT was requested and showed a metastatic pancreatic. Mammogram and breast ultrasound showed a relatively well limited nodule of the right breast measuring 22 mm. The patient underwent a breast lumpectomy Final haematoxylin and eosin (HE) and immunochemistry staining of the tumour and immunochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of a metastasis to the breast from pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The patient died within 2 months of initial diagnosis.

  • Outcome of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: Case report

    We present a patient diagnosed with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy at 30 weeks 6 days of gestation. She presented with complaint of pruritus associated with hepatic cytolysis and elevated transaminases revealed by laboratory tests. The emphasis must be laid on importance of early diagnosis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy to improve the fetal prognosis and to eliminate other severe conditions associated with hepatic cytoloysis syndrome and pruritus.


    The knowledge about the formation and relation of the portal vein is important for surgeons. The variation in the level of formation and the pattern of formation of portal vein is a cause of concern during surgical procedures. An abnormal formation of portal vein that was encountered during routine dissection is reported. The portal vein was formed by the union of splenic vein, superior mesenteric vein and inferior mesenteric veins. Identification of these variations is useful in managing traumatic rupture of the mesentery.

  • Bronchial Artery Embolization for Life-Threatening Massive Hemoptysis in a young female patient: A case report

    Introduction: Massive hemoptysis is a potentially life-threatening respiratory emergency mandating immediate management. It is defined as expectoration of 300 to 600 mL of blood in a period of 24 hours. The most common etiologies include bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis, neoplasm, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and other infections. While only five percent of hemoptysis is massive, some studies report a mortality rate of up to 80 percent in this subgroup, mainly due to asphyxiation. One of the novel ways to manage the later condition is transarterial embolization of the bronchial artery, which is minimally invasive, well tolerated relatively safe procedure. Here we present a case presents with massive hemoptysis due to iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula happened as a complication of previous right middle lobectomy treated successfully by coils. Case presentation: A 25-year-old female patient, a known case of right middle lobectomy 3 years ago due to lobar bronchiectasis presented complaining of less than one day of dyspnea and hemoptysis which was moderate in amount of fresh red blood, there was no fever, cough, recent history of upper respiratory tract infection, chest pain, symptoms of deep vein thrombosis, or anticoagulant use. On examination, the patient was generally ill, conscious, oriented, with average body built, without pallor, not in respiratory distress. She was vitally stable as the blood pressure was 100/65 mmHg, the pulse was 90 beats per minute, respiratory rate was 21 per minute, and temperature was 38.2 C.. Chest examination revealed decreased breath sounds on the right lung, no added sounds and otherwise it was normal. The cardiovascular system examination, neurological examination, abdominal examination, lower limbs examination was normal. Complete blood count was done, and it revealed: hemoglobin level of 14.6 mg/dl, platelet 186.000 per microliter and white blood cells count of 4100 per microliter. Coagulation studies were slightly abnormal as the PT was 15…

  • Large Posterior Vaginal Wall Inclusion Cyst after Posterior Vaginal Wall Repair

    Introduction: Large posterior vaginal wall inclusion cysts are rarely reported. According to our review, this case is the largest such cyst reported after posterior vaginal repair. Aim: We present the successful excision of a very large posterior vaginal wall inclusion cyst that developed after posterior vaginal wall repair. Methods: A 44 year old patient presented with a 7 cm symptomatic posterior vaginal wall cyst 5 years after posterior vaginal wall repair. She underwent aspiration of the cyst twice with recurrence before successful surgical excision. Results: The patient recovered without complications. Histopathology revealed a benign inclusion cyst. Conclusions: Although most epidermal inclusion cysts are asymptomatic and can be managed expectantly, cysts that enlarge or become symptomatic should be excised surgically.

  • Neonate with 10q Interstitial Deletion within the Long Arm of Chromosome 10- A Case Report and Literature Review

    Introduction: Partial deletion of distal chromosome 10q was first reported in 1978 by Lewandowski1. Interstitial deletions within bands 10q25e10q26.3 are rare. Seven such cases were reported so far2. Patient Information: A term AGA male newborn was delivered at our perinatal center with antenatal diagnosis of unbalanced translocation of chromosomes 10 and 12, and fetal cleft lip and cleft palate. Blood was sent for chromosome analysis using GTG banding method. Baby had facial dysmorphism, left cleft lip, bilateral cleft of soft and hard palate, intact nasal septum, normal ears and micrognathus. Abdominal ultrasound showed absence of right testis in inguinal canal and abdomen (anorchia). Hospital course was unremarkable except for feeding problems requiring feeding team, plastic surgery planned at 2- 3 months of age, and taping of the cleft lip. He went home on day 7. Conclusion: Here, we reported an extremely rare case of a male newborn with an interstitial deletion within the long arm of chromosome 10 between bands 10q25.1 and 10q26.1, with dysmorphic features, along with a few unreported associations (atypical Pierre-Robin sequence and bilateral dorsal horn ventriculomegaly). We added a comprehensive review of literature on chromosome 10q deletions to the case report. We also listed clinical implications of 71 RefSeq and OMIM genes noted in that ~13.3Mb 10q deletion in the Appendix. Earlier detection of both common and rare chromosomal- genetic abnormalities might prepare the family and health care team to plan optimal care to the mother, and baby.

  • A patient with dysphagia and muscle weakness

    BACKGROUND: There are five major types of inflammatory myopathies (IM), including dermatomyositis, polymyositis, immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy, antisynthetase syndromes, and inclusion body myositis. Grouped together, the incidence of IM is >4 cases/100,000 with a prevalence of 14-32/100,000. Type-specific IM diagnoses are based on the pattern of muscle weakness and the results of electromyographs, MRIs, muscle biopsies, and measurements of myositis-specific autoantibodies1. We report the case of an elderly man with an inflammatory myopathy whose presenting complaint was dysphagia. OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical and laboratory manifestations of inflammatory myopathy-associated dysphagia. CASE REPORT: The patient is an 81-year-old retired Navy aviator who presented with a chief complaint of difficulty in swallowing both solids and liquids of several months duration. The dysphagia was associated with bouts of coughing, the expectoration of white foamy sputum, increased production of saliva, a weight loss of 5 kg, generalized myalgias, and worsening fatigue and weakness. The patient had a past medical history of essential hypertension, hyperlipidemia, autoimmune thyroiditis, V617F JAK2 + essential thrombocytosis, white matter microangiopathy, and a small lacunar infarction of the right caudate nucleus. There was no family history of autoimmune disease. On neurological examination, testing of cranial nerves II-XII and sensation to light touch, pin, temperature, and vibration was normal. The shoulder and upper arm strength was diminished bilaterally without evident muscle tenderness, atrophy or fasciculations. The patient could not rise from the supine position without assistance nor keep his arms elevated above his head without fatiguing. The strength in his lower extremities was normal. Deep tendon reflexes were normal and plantar responses were flexor. He had a single Gottron’s nodule and a faint erythematous rash involving his scalp, back and forearms. His Myositis Disease Activity Assessment (MDAAT) is shown in Table 1. Table 1. Myositis Disease Activity Assessment Tool (MDAAT) Findings on laboratory…

  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in the supine flank free modified position for the removal of a 3 year Double-J ureteral stent in a horseshoe kidney

    Horseshoe kidney is one of the most common congenital renal abnormalities with increased incidence of stone formation. We present a case of an HIV seropositive patient with a both-ends encrustated 3 year forgotten DJ stent and a staghorn stone in the left moiety of a horseshoe kidney. He was treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the supine flank free modified position and simultaneous cystolitholapaxy. Supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy is safe and feasible in horseshoe kidney and facilitates simultaneous thansurethral access for cystolitholapaxy.

  • Psychosis Due to Hypothyroidism: Are Antipsychotics Indicated?

    Objective: To present a case of thyroid-related psychosis and review the literature to assess evidence regarding the use of antipsychotic medications in patients who develop this condition. Data Sources: The OVID database was utilized to search for the terms “myxedema madness” and the combination of the terms “psychosis” and “thyroid.” The database was searched from 1946 until July 2018 and was limited to English language articles. Study Selection: A total of 25 articles were included in this study. These included 27 distinct case reports. Data Extraction: The abstracts of identified articles were reviewed. If an abstract was unavailable or inconclusive, the full article was reviewed. If there was no case report, or if the case was not clearly related to hypothyroidism, it was excluded. Authors assessed and identified cases included. Studies were excluded if recovery time was unreported; if cases included patients with pre-existing, chronic mental illness or intellectual disability, or if thyroid replacement medication was not initially administered. Results: Data suggested that there may be no benefit to treating thyroid-related psychosis with scheduled dosing of antipsychotics in addition to thyroid replacement. The review also suggested that male patients with thyroid-related psychosis seemed to respond more rapidly to thyroid replacement than female patients. Conclusions: Scheduled dose antipsychotic therapy was not observed to hasten recovery. Males with thyroid-related psychosis were observed to respond more quickly to thyroid replacement than females among the identified cases identified. Consideration should be given to initial trials of thyroid replacement alone in cases of thyroid-related psychosis.