International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science


Research Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science THE INFLUENCE OF EMOTIONS IN LEARNING, FOCUSING ON ANXIETY Julliana Carvalho Rocha *; Brendda Juliane ; Lais Maria²; Rebeca Gomes²; Marta Gerusa Soares de Lucena. Graduating in the Biological Sciences degree from the Federal University of Pernambuco. Graduating in the course of Dentistry by the Federal University of Pernambuco. Graduated in Zootecnia from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco; Master's degree in Zootecnia from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco; PhD in PhD Program integrated in Zootecnia by UFRPE. This expanded summary is a research carried out at the Federal University of Pernambuco, addressing the theme of anxiety in learning. A survey was conducted with four questions for one hundred students from the Humanity, Exacts, Health and Nature areas, questioning them about their emotions in the school year, in order to reach the conclusion of how much the anxiety influences the learning process. Keywords: Anxiety. Students. Learning. Emotions ...

An Extensive Review of Patient Behavior

Review Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science An Extensive Review of Patient Behavior Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh The most frequent causes of death in the United States and globally are chronic diseases, including heart disease, cancer, lung diseases, and diabetes. Behavioral factors, particularly tobacco use, diet and activity patterns, alcohol consumption, sexual behavior, and avoidable injuries are among the most prominent contributors to mortality. Projections of the global burden of disease for the next two decades include increases in noncommunicable diseases, high rates of tobacco-related deaths, and a dramatic rise in deaths from HIV/AIDS. Worldwide, the major causes of death by 2030 are expected to be HIV/AIDS, depressive disorders, and heart disease. At the same time, in many parts of the world, infectious diseases continue to pose grim threats, especially for the very young, the old, and those with compromised immune systems. Malaria, diarrheal diseases, and other infectious diseases, in addition to AIDS, are major health threats to the poorest people around the world. And, like chronic diseases, their trajectory may be influenced by the application of effective health behavior interventions. Substantial suffering, premature mortality, and medical costs can be avoided by positive changes in behavior at multiple levels. Most recently, there has been a renewed focus on public health infrastructure to plan for emergencies, including both human-made and natural disasters. During the past twenty years, there has been a dramatic increase in public, private, and professional interest in preventing disability and death through changes in lifestyle and participation in screening programs. Much of this interest in disease prevention and early detection has been stimulated by the epidemiological transition from infectious to chronic diseases as leading causes of death, the aging of the population, ...

The Effects of Virtual Reality in the Rehabilitation of Patients With Parkinsons Disease

Review Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science The Effects of Virtual Reality in the Rehabilitation of Patients With Parkinson's Disease Silva, K.M.G¹; Gonçalves, C.M²; Cabral, T.M³; Morais, A.T.B4 123Estudantes do Curso de Fisioterapia-UNIBRA; 4 Mestre em Fisioterapia pela UFPE e Docente do Centro Universitário Brasileiro - UNIBRA. Introduction: Due to the increased aging, growing chronic and degenerative diseases. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder, which is caused by the degeneration of substantia nigra cells. The main signs of PD are tremor at rest, muscle rigidity, bradykinesia, idle and commitment in postural control and balance. Being frequent the use of technology applied to rehabilitation, one of them is virtual reality (VR), which stimulates the movement of the whole body by means of computer-based games, in order to recreate and enhance the sense of reality to the player with interactive games. The RV not immersive, the player interacts with the game, but it has the feeling of being in the real world by using, for example, joystick or common screen uses more interfaces for Nitendo Wii or Microsoft KinectTM, to assist in the rehabilitation of elderly people with PD. Objectives: To conduct a literature review on the effects of RV in the rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methods: A literature review was performed from items available in Scielo databases, PubMed, Lilacs, Medline in August 2017, selecting articles published from 2012 to 2017. Results and Discussion: Initially found 85 studies with the theme proposal, among them, 77 were excluded according to the exclusion criteria. Selecting articles 8, 4 case studies and literature reviews 4. Results report that RV helps increase the speed and movement time, gait, balance, postural control and reduction of falls. Conclusion: RV helps enhance the physiotherapeutic treatment both in motor control, functionality, balance, and cognitive ...

Not So Rare! Epidemiological Study of Amiotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Sergipe

Research Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science Not So Rare! Epidemiological Study of Amiotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Sergipe Santiago Junior, J.B1; Silva, J.P.R2; Santos, E,L3; Mendonça, D.M.F4 1Biological Sciences Student, UFS, 2Physiotherapy Student, UFS; 3Biological Sciences Student, UFS; 4Professor, Researcher at the Department of Biosciences, UFS. Introduction: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, characterized by selective degeneration and death of upper and lower motoneurons in the cortex, brain stem and spinal cord. The annual incidence described in the literature is 2 per 100,000 people in the world. The literature on the epidemiology of ALS is large, but there is a geographical limitation. Sergipe State has no epidemiological data on ALS. Objective: The objective of this study was to carry out an epidemiological analysis of the visits at the University Hospital of Sergipe (HU) from January 2003 to January 2016. Methodology: The study was performed through a retrospective analysis of 819 patients’ records attended at the Neurology outpatient clinic. Results and Discussion: Thirteen cases of ALS were detected, representing an incidence of 1.5% and a prevalence of 83.3% in the studied episodes. In these cases, 67% of the patients are male and 33% are female. In addition, 83.4% of the patients reside in the interior and 16.6% of them in the capital. The mean age at onset of symptoms was 50.5 years and the mean time to disease progression was 4.6 years. The ALS was present in 83.4% of the cases in the sporadic form and 16.6% in the familial form. It was possible to observe that the disease affects mainly people over 50 years of age, with a higher incidence and prevalence for males and it was possible to notice that the epidemiological rates of the disease are compatible with studies already exposed in the ...

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International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science