International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science


The Effects of Virtual Reality in the Rehabilitation of Patients With Parkinsons Disease

Review Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science The Effects of Virtual Reality in the Rehabilitation of Patients With Parkinson's Disease Silva, K.M.G¹; Gonçalves, C.M²; Cabral, T.M³; Morais, A.T.B4 123Estudantes do Curso de Fisioterapia-UNIBRA; 4 Mestre em Fisioterapia pela UFPE e Docente do Centro Universitário Brasileiro - UNIBRA. Introduction: Due to the increased aging, growing chronic and degenerative diseases. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder, which is caused by the degeneration of substantia nigra cells. The main signs of PD are tremor at rest, muscle rigidity, bradykinesia, idle and commitment in postural control and balance. Being frequent the use of technology applied to rehabilitation, one of them is virtual reality (VR), which stimulates the movement of the whole body by means of computer-based games, in order to recreate and enhance the sense of reality to the player with interactive games. The RV not immersive, the player interacts with the game, but it has the feeling of being in the real world by using, for example, joystick or common screen uses more interfaces for Nitendo Wii or Microsoft KinectTM, to assist in the rehabilitation of elderly people with PD. Objectives: To conduct a literature review on the effects of RV in the rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methods: A literature review was performed from items available in Scielo databases, PubMed, Lilacs, Medline in August 2017, selecting articles published from 2012 to 2017. Results and Discussion: Initially found 85 studies with the theme proposal, among them, 77 were excluded according to the exclusion criteria. Selecting articles 8, 4 case studies and literature reviews 4. Results report that RV helps increase the speed and movement time, gait, balance, postural control and reduction of falls. Conclusion: RV helps enhance the physiotherapeutic treatment both in motor control, functionality, balance, and cognitive ...

Not So Rare! Epidemiological Study of Amiotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Sergipe

Research Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science Not So Rare! Epidemiological Study of Amiotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Sergipe Santiago Junior, J.B1; Silva, J.P.R2; Santos, E,L3; Mendonça, D.M.F4 1Biological Sciences Student, UFS, 2Physiotherapy Student, UFS; 3Biological Sciences Student, UFS; 4Professor, Researcher at the Department of Biosciences, UFS. Introduction: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, characterized by selective degeneration and death of upper and lower motoneurons in the cortex, brain stem and spinal cord. The annual incidence described in the literature is 2 per 100,000 people in the world. The literature on the epidemiology of ALS is large, but there is a geographical limitation. Sergipe State has no epidemiological data on ALS. Objective: The objective of this study was to carry out an epidemiological analysis of the visits at the University Hospital of Sergipe (HU) from January 2003 to January 2016. Methodology: The study was performed through a retrospective analysis of 819 patients’ records attended at the Neurology outpatient clinic. Results and Discussion: Thirteen cases of ALS were detected, representing an incidence of 1.5% and a prevalence of 83.3% in the studied episodes. In these cases, 67% of the patients are male and 33% are female. In addition, 83.4% of the patients reside in the interior and 16.6% of them in the capital. The mean age at onset of symptoms was 50.5 years and the mean time to disease progression was 4.6 years. The ALS was present in 83.4% of the cases in the sporadic form and 16.6% in the familial form. It was possible to observe that the disease affects mainly people over 50 years of age, with a higher incidence and prevalence for males and it was possible to notice that the epidemiological rates of the disease are compatible with studies already exposed in the ...

Brain Diseases: Epidemiological Survey of the Neurological Care in Sergipe

Research Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science Brain Diseases: Epidemiological Survey of the Neurological Care in Sergipe Farias, L.H.S1; Silva, J.P.R2; Santiago Junior, J.B3; Santos, E.L4; Mendonça, D.M.F5 1Nurse - UFS; 2Student of the Physiotherapy Course at UFS; 3Student of the Biological Sciences course at UFS; 4Student of the Biological Sciences course at UFS; 5Professor, researcher at the Department of Biosciences at UFS. Introduction: Epidemiology deals with any event related to the health or disease of the population. Diseases of the Nervous System are a group of inherited or acquired diseases, including diseases such as Headache, Depression, Parkinson’s Disease, among others. In the State of Sergipe, the University Hospital (UH) is a reference in the Unified Health System (SUS) for medium and high complexity care in the different specialties, among them, Neurology. Objective: Analyze the epidemiological profile of patients treated at the UH Neurology outpatient clinic during the period from January 2003 to January 2017. Methods: This epidemiological study was an analytical, retrospective and cross-sectional design and the sample was constituted by the medical records of patients attended at the outpatient clinic and the percentage of the different neurological diseases was estimated. Results and Discussion: A total of 1,382 medical records were randomly collected, where 279 of these were excluded because they did not have data to enable the survey, and information was collected from 1,103 medical records. It was observed that the most prevalent diseases were headache (38%), chronic degenerative diseases (18.3%), epilepsy (8.0%), traumatic brain injury (2.2%) and other disorders (28.9%). According to the specific diagnosis, headache was the most frequent cause of the visits. Epidemiological data point to the relevance of the problem in view of the impacts that this disease causes in the life of the affected population. Chronic Degenerative Diseases were the second ...

Herpes Zoster: Increased Risk for Parkinson Disease Development?

Research Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science Herpes Zoster: Increased Risk for Parkinson Disease Development? Farias, L.H.S1; Silva, J.P.R2; Santiago Junior, J.B3; Santos, E.L4; Mendonça, D.M.F5 1Nurse - UFS; 2Student of the Physiotherapy Course at UFS; 3Student of the Biological Sciences course at UFS; 4Student of the Biological Sciences course at UFS; 5Professor, researcher at the Department of Biosciences at UFS. Introduction: Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease characterized clinically by the onset of tremor, stiffness, bradykinesia and postural instability. In addition to motor symptoms, some non-motor signals may be observed, such as olfactory dysfunction, sleep disturbance, constipation, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, hearing loss, cataract, and others. Some non-motor symptoms may precede the onset of motor symptoms that characterize Parkinson’s disease. Herpes zoster infection, as a potential predecessor for the disease, was recently reported. Objective: In this study, we report the case of a patient, attended at the University Hospital of Sergipe (HU), with initial symptoms of herpes zoster infection who developed Parkinson’s disease in a subsequent year. Methodology: A chart analysis was performed, where information such as age, sex, occupation, residence, previous pathological history and clinical evolution were collected. Results and Discussion: A 70-year-old male patient was admitted to the Neurology outpatient clinic, HU, in 2007. He reported being a former smoker and having cancer of the axillary region in 2003. Physical examination showed bilateral tremor, accentuated in upper left and left cog wheel. The patient was attended until 2015 in the hospital, followed with use of Prolopa, symptomatic treatment and motor physiotherapy. He did not evolve with psychiatric alterations. The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease began approximately one year after herpes zoster infection in the chest region, where the patient started a tremor in the fingers of one hand, which evolved throughout the arm, leading the patient ...

Dr. Jitesh K. Kar
Clinical assistant professor, Department of Internal Medicine – Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Huntsville Regional Campus

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ayanabha Chakraborti
Senior Researcher, Department of Surgery, THT-1066, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Dr. Can SARICA
Consultant (Neurosurgery), Adiyaman University School Of Medicine, Department Of Neurosurgery, Adiyaman

Dr Amanjot Kaur Riar
Brigham and Women’s Hospital- Harvard Medical School, Department of Medicine, Harvard New Research Building USA

Dr. Pousette Farouk Gaber Hamed
Neurology Ain Shams University Hospitals

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in the area of Behavioral and Brain Science.

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International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science

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