Journal of Stroke Research


ASSESSMENT OF THE PROFILE OF PATIENTS AFFECTED BY ACCIDENT BRAIN VASCULAR

Review Article of Journal of Stroke Research ASSESSMENT OF THE PROFILE OF PATIENTS AFFECTED BY ACCIDENT BRAIN VASCULAR Cintia Justino Rabelo¹; Mariana Gomes Vidal Sampaio¹; Lívia Caroline Alexandre de Araújo²; Rafael Artur de Queiroz Cavalcanti de Sá² ¹Catholic University Center of Quixadá, 63900-257, Quixadá Ceará, Brasil. ²Laboratory of Molecular Biology (BioMol), Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50740-540, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is defined as a neurological disease capable of debilitating or leading to death. It develops through the obstruction or rupture of a blood vessel, causing the tissues around the lesion to lack oxygen and compatible substrates for correct functioning. The aforementioned pathology is a case of great concern for public health worldwide. Every year, about 17 million individuals are affected by stroke and 6.5 million of these patients die, leaving 26 million with sequelae and/or permanently incapacitated. The risk factors for the onset of stroke are divided into two classes, the first of which comprises the non-modifiable, which include age, color, ethnicity and heredity, and the second, the modifiable ones: arterial hypertension, cardiovascular pathologies, dyslipidemias, overweight, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcoholism, high hematocrit/inflammatory process, periodontal disease and antiphospholipid antibody. Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor, with about 80% of the cause among the types of stroke. The prevention of stroke in relation to risk factors consists of small daily and consecutive gestures. Adhering to a good diet is essential, this action will prevent overweight and facilitate the reduction of cholesterol, as well as the practice of daily physical activities is extremely important to keep away from sedentary lifestyle. There are many risk factors, although there is more emphasis on high hypertension, diabetes mellitus and smoking. Keywords: cerebrovascular diseases; characterization; risk factors; ...

Analysis of chosen factors affecting the incidence of a brain stroke – a preliminary report

Research Article of Journal of Stroke Research Analysis of chosen factors affecting the incidence of a brain stroke – a preliminary report Artur Andrzej Kanteluk1, Elzbieta Krajewska-Kułak2* 1postgraduate student of Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Integrated Medical Care, Medical University of Białystok. 2Head of Department of Integrated Medical Care, Medical University of Białystok. The risk of stroke is directly proportional to the occurrence of hypertension and the simultaneous occurrence of other risk factors. The main goal was to find out which age group was most at risk of having a stroke. The study was performed among 138 people randomly chosen from Michałowo borough in the Białystok county.The examined were divided into the following 5 age group. The following measurements were performed: arterial blood pressure, blood glucose level, total cholesterol and its fractions level, triglycerides level, sodium and potassium level, prothrombine time, activity. Additionally, a patient’s history was taken and an author’s survey questionnaire was completed. Due to the small number of men surveyed (13 persons), statistically significant analysis of data within this group cannot be carried out. An analysis was made, broken down by age, of data obtained after examining 125 women. People in age group III are most at risk of developing stroke. People in the IV and V age groups are those who are at risk of having a stroke or who have had a stroke. People in groups 1 and 2 are at moderate risk of stroke. In the III age group people are the most at risk of having a stroke. Keywords: Stroke; Epidemiology; Prophylaxis; Diet; Risk factors ...

Cerebrovascular Accident: Elaboration Of Psychoeducational Intervention For Caregivers

Research Article of Journal of Stroke Research Cerebrovascular Accident: Elaboration Of Psychoeducational Intervention For Caregivers Mírian Rique de Souza Brito Dias1 *, Edlon Vitor Souza de Moura1, Moema Nunes Cordeiro de Assunção1, Maria do Socorro Cavalcanti2, Juliana Monteiro Costa3, Eliane Nóbrega Alburquerque3 Health Psychology Master’s Student at Pernambucana College of Health, 2 B. S. in Psychology, 3 Hospital Psychologist, 4 Tutor of the Health Psychology Master’s Program at Pernambucana College of Health, 5 Tutor of Psychology at Pernambucana College of Health Introduction: Cerebrovascular accident (CVA), also known as stroke, is characterized by the interruption of blood flow in a particular area of the brain, being of the ischemic or hemorrhagic type. Its involvement can lead to emotional dysfunctions, among which depression, mania, bipolar disorder and post-stroke anxiety disorder. Objective: To propose psychoeducational intervention in a group of caregivers of the patients who were affected with stroke, aiming at a better understanding of the emotional aspects. Methodology: A welcome space will be provided for the companions to share their experiences through a conversation, followed by the delivery of psychoeducational material on the stroke. Results: It is known that there is usually a deficiency related to the qualification of the caregivers regarding the continuity of the physical and emotional assistance of the patient, which can lead to doubts, unrealistic expectations and inadequate management of the patient. Therefore, psychoeducation is a tool that can be used in the hospital context, since it is understood that the hospital psychologist has been increasingly active in the definition of behaviors and treatments within a multidisciplinary team. Conclusion: The need for a psychoeducational intervention in caregivers of patients diagnosed by CVA is necessary because of its abrupt character and reverberation on the caregiver, who needs guidelines to face the possible post-stroke psychological complications in the patient. Keywords: ...

NURSING ACTIVITIES IN SELF-CARE AND REHABILITATION OF PATIENT VICTIM OF STROKE: A CASE REPORT

Case Report of Journal of Stroke Research NURSING ACTIVITIES IN SELF-CARE AND REHABILITATION OF PATIENT VICTIM OF STROKE: A CASE REPORT Joseilma de Lima Silva¹*, Ísis Catharine Rodrigues Nascimento¹, Ieda Beatriz dos Santos Peixoto¹, Luana Cristina da Silva¹, Sandrelly Paula de Andrade Barros¹, Leduard Leon Bezerra Soares Silva¹ Introduction: The brain is a seriously complex organ that controls and modulates bodily functions. However, it can be affected by vascular alterations, such as a stroke, which is characterized by the total or partial decrease of blood flow in a certain region of the brain, constituting one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study brings to the systematization of nursing care to a patient with sequelae of stroke. Objective: To describe the nursing interventions performed to a patient with a stroke sequelae during the period of the Nursing course at the Federal University of Pernambuco. Methods: An exploratory study of the case report, developed based on the steps of the nursing process, considering the results of laboratory tests and chart analysis, during the period of hospitalization in a public hospital in the city of Vitória de Santo Antão, in the period of May 2018. Results: In view of the clinical findings and after the history and elaboration of the nursing diagnoses were found, a nursing care plan was carried out with subsequent nursing interventions such as: checking of vital signs, cephalocaudal physical examination, daily dressing on pressure lesions, guidelines to the companion as to the importance of moving the decubitus, preserving the raised limbs on the bed, keeping the patient's skin always hydrated, performing limb movements, intolerance of the patient. It was possible to perceive an improvement of the general picture of the client in question, after the nursing interventions were put into practice. Conclusion: It is ...

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Journal of Stroke Research

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