Journal of Stroke Research

  • Alterations in Neuropsychological Functions after the Right Hemisphere Stroke: a Literature Review

    Introduction: The brain is a seriously complex organ that controls and modulates bodily functions. However, it can be affected by vascular alterations, such as a stroke, which is characterized by the total or partial decrease of blood flow in a certain region of the brain, constituting one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study brings to the systematization of nursing care to a patient with sequelae of stroke. Objective: To describe the nursing interventions performed to a patient with a stroke sequelae during the period of the Nursing course at the Federal University of Pernambuco. Methods: An exploratory study of the case report, developed based on the steps of the nursing process, considering the results of laboratory tests and chart analysis, during the period of hospitalization in a public hospital in the city of Vitória de Santo Antão, in the period of May 2018. Results: In view of the clinical findings and after the history and elaboration of the nursing diagnoses were found, a nursing care plan was carried out with subsequent nursing interventions such as: checking of vital signs, cephalocaudal physical examination, daily dressing on pressure lesions, guidelines to the companion as to the importance of moving the decubitus, preserving the raised limbs on the bed, keeping the patient’s skin always hydrated, performing limb movements, intolerance of the patient. It was possible to perceive an improvement of the general picture of the client in question, after the nursing interventions were put into practice. Conclusion: It is concluded that nursing interventions, in the promotion of self-care and rehabilitation capacity, corroborate in the reduction of damages and disabilities, promoting a better quality of life for the patient with stroke sequelae and awareness of family members in the importance such care.

  • Alterations in Neuropsychological Functions after the Right Hemisphere Stroke: a Literature Review

    INTRODUCTION: Neuropsychological functions can suffer damage after a lesion in the right hemisphere of the brain. OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of existing publications concerning the study of changes in associated neuro-psychological functions after right hemisphere vascular lesion. METHODOLOGY: Electronic databases of scientific articles were searched for in the internet databases, such as Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO). RESULTS: The studies that evaluate neuropsychological functions and alterations in the Right Hemisphere after a Stroke vary from one to the other, showing convergences and divergences between authors in this relation of injured area and impaired function. However, in general, the authors agree that patients injured in the right hemisphere after a stroke present homogeneously in several neuropsychological functions. CONCLUSION: In the course of the study, it was noticed that some of these functions such as attention, perception, visual perception, memory, language and executive functions are highlighted more often and by more than one author, which are then considered the most associated functions with HD after a stroke. More studies on changes in neuropsychological functions following the right hemisphere stroke are needed to identify different clinical profiles and contribute to the increased effectiveness of assessment and rehabilitation procedures.

  • EVALUATION OF ATRIAL ELECTROMECHANICAL DELAY IN SILENT CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA PATIENTS

    Objective: Silent cerebral ischemia (SSI) is found on cranial imaging, with no signs of stroke and has similar risk factors as stroke. There are few studies evaluating the relationship between SSI and AF. In this study, we aimed to evaluate left atrial functions and atrial mechanical delay (AED) in SSI cases with noninvasive tissue doppler imaging (TDI). Method: 39 SSI and 29 healthy subjects as control group included in this study. Atrial conduction times calculated by Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI), demographic features, laboratory findings, ECG, transthoracic ECO were recorded. AED was calculated by measuring the lateral mitral annulus (PA lateral), septal mitral annulus (PA septum) and right ventricular tricuspid annulus (PA tricuspid) by TDI. Left atrial volumes were measured in the apical fourchamber view with the disk method. Left atrial mechanical functions were evaluated. The heart rate variability parameters of the patient group were compared by the holter. Results: The mean age of 39 patients (32K/7E) was 51 ± 10 years and the mean age of 29 healthy controls (24K/5E) was 48.8±5.9 years. There was no difference between the two groups in demographic characteristics (p>0,05). Blood glucose was significantly higher in the SSI group (p=0.034). Parameters related to AED were not statistically significant in the SSI group but were found longer (p>0.05). The parameters of left atrial function such as LAPEF (0,3±0,1 versus 0,2±0,1, p=0,050), LAPEV (12,1± 6,8 versus 10,3±8, p=0,197) and LATEV (23,6±11,1 versus 21,6±9,4 p=0,496) were higher but were not statistically significant. Conduit volüm (26,8±12,7 versus 21,5±16,5, p=0,017), LVEDV (91,8±24,4 versus 74,8±25,3. P=0,002) and LVESV (41,4±13,4 versus 31,7,8±15,7. P=0,003) was found statistically significant. Conclusion: Regulation of blood glucose of SSI cases and follow-up the patienst for cardiac diastolic functions, and taking into consideration that these changes may lead to prolongation at the time of atrial conduction are important.

  • Interruption of Breastfeeding and Obesity: an Integrative Review

    Introduction: Obesity is understood as a global epidemic due to its degree of expansion in the last decades. Early Interruption of breastfeeding, in turn, has a significant influence on the prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents, taunting a high negative impact on public health. Objective: Had as objective to make a literature review to rate the association between duration of breastfeeding, relating it to risks and comorbidities of obesity. Methodology: The applied methodology consists of a review of scientific articles indexed in the databases LILACS, PubMed/ MEDLINE, BDENF and SciELO, using the terms “breastfeeding”, “childhood obesity”, “food introduction” as the descriptor of the article and “nursing” as a word throughout the text without period from 2006 to 2016. Results and Discussion: Several articles on obesity and breastfeeding were found, the review it consisted of 9 scientific papers. Where 06 shows obesity and other metabolic detrimental effects in the child’s body due to lack of breast milk benefits and 03 discuss inadequate nutritional practices, initiated concurrently after the early interruption of breastfeeding. Conclusion: Exclusive breastfeeding up to six months of age, as well as complementary feeding practices, allows the prevention of obesity, promoting the physical and mental health of the infants and the woman who breastfeeds, being extremely important for the growth and development of the child. Therefore, the incentive to breastfeed by the nurse should be intense, so that the children have an adequate and healthy development, since Breastfeeding, included as one of the national priorities, is considered the strategy that most prevents infant morbimortality.

  • Treatment for Homeopathy in Andropause (Male Menopause)

    In this review article the author argues that complete presentation of various homeopathy remedies can reduce the Andropause and related all mental and physical illnesses Life is neither Possible to overcome safely.

  • Stress and Spirituality

    In this review article the author argues that complete presentation of various Spiritual methods can reduce the stress and related mental and physical illnesses like Stress anxiety, depression etc.. Life is neither Possible to overcome safely. Spiritual methods like Prayer, Meditation, Mantra and some epic methods are increasing in Physical and mental health and reducing stress is an important stimulus of human growth and creativity as well an inevitable part of life.

  • Anxiety disorders and homeopathy

    The review article states that homeopathic remedies have been used throughout the world for thousands of years and their benefits have been repeatedly documented by physiological and psychological problems. Homeopathic medicines can formulate a positive change in people suffering from these distressing states of mind and behaviour it is proved can help the reducing their anxiety levels and thus capable of dealing with stressful situations this remedies work towards balancing the excitatory neurotransmitter levels in the brain.

  • Histopathological Changes Of Cerebral Vessels Secondary To Drug Abuse

    Drug abuse has been associated with a number of cerebrovascular adverse effects, such as hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. Heroin, cocaine and amphetamines are the most commonly abused substances but a systematic pathology study of their effects on human cerebral vessels has not been conducted to date. We present a post-mortem, comparative, pathology study on the brains of drug addicts and healthy controls. The aim of this study was to determine the pathological changes of the vascular lumen, vascular wall and perivascular areas observed in the post-mortem brain of drug addicts compared to those of non-drug addicts healthy controls.

  • Management of Post Bilateral Pontine Haemorrhage with Ayurveda

    Background and Purpose. This case report documents the management of residual paralysis due to a rare and fatal disease – hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis with Ayurveda. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the role of Ayurvedic treatment methodology for management of such neurological disorders. Case Description: Mrs. PM was a 31 year old lady who suffered from an attack of acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis after her second delivery. She had left hemiplegia with right sided LMN facial palsy with nystagmus and loss of control of posture and whole-limb movements. Some residual ability to use the right hand and fingers remained, provided the trunk and right upper arm were stabilized. Her cognitive power remains undiminished. Computed tomographic scans verified acute bilateral paramedian pontine hemorrhage with intraventricular extension. It also showed chronic infarcts in bilateral external capsules. Discussion. 15 days treatment with Ayurvedic medicines and Panchakarma procedures including Nasya and Tarapan therapies showed significant improvement in nystagmus, postural abnormalities and whole – body movement.