American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology


Research Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology EVALUATION OF THE VITAMIN D PROFILE IN PATIENTS SERVED BY A MACEIÓ-AL LABORATORY Wesley Barbosa Medeiros1, Evandro Valentim da Silva1, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos3, Márcia Raquel Cedrim Vieira 4 1Professor UNINASSAU, 2Pathology Laboratory of Hospital das Clínicas HC/UFPE, 3ProfessorUFPE, 4Professor CESMAC Vitamin D is a hormone of great importance for vital body activities, as well as for the modulation of the immune system. Being acquired by food, but mainly by exposure to sunlight. Although reduced levels of vitamin D can cause problems related to bone mining, the excess of this is responsible for processes of intoxication. The present work aims to describe the levels of vitamin D of patients treated by a reference laboratory in the health district of Maceió-Al, describing the main affected population and producing a comparison of the levels in relation to social isolation. For this purpose, laboratory records were used considering the period from November 2019 to November 2020 and producing comparisons to sexes, age and analysis period of patients. In total, 1,025 vitamin D tests were performed, of which 27.4% of the patients were male and the other 82.6% were female. During the defined periods, greater numbers of exams were performed in the period of social relaxation. During the analyzed period, higher levels of deficiency were observed in adolescent and, mainly, elderly patients, compared to sexes, women had a higher level of deficiency and the highest levels of vitamin D deficiency during the period of social isolation. Keywords: Vitamin D. Deficiency. Group of risk ...


Review Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology THE BENEFITS OF FOLLOW-UP BY THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAM IN HEALTH FOR PEOPLE WITH SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS Ziane da Conceição das Mercês Pós Graduanda pela Faculdade Estácio de Sá. Nutricionista Responsável Técnica na Secretaria de Educação no Município de Aveiro-PA Objective: Discuss the benefits of monitoring by a multidisciplinary health team for the treatment of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods: The research proposal is based on a review of bibliographic references, with a source of synthesizing results obtained through secondary research on the theme, in a methodical and orderly manner, seeking to contribute to the knowledge on the proposed subject. Results: Through a thorough analysis of theoretical references, 30 scientific articles were selected that alluded to the systemic lupus erythematosus pathology. Systemic lupus is characterized by articular, cutaneous, renal, vascular, serous, nervous manifestations, decreased mobility, muscle strength, physical conditioning and quality of sleep, increased joint stiffness, pain and fatigue and can cause, even depression, obesity and / or malnutrition, impacting quality of life. Conclusion: The research presented relevant results on the monitoring by the multidisciplinary health team for the treatment of patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, presenting data that justify the construction of a structured support network, which will contribute to the therapy of this patient, providing well-being and improvements in quality of life. Taking into account the situation that the pathology presents, these data are at least disturbing. These bases made it possible to expand the discernment on the subject, opening a succession of discussions to find proposals and resolutions that can corroborate with the treatment of people diagnosed with chronic diseases such as SLE. Keywords: Chronic disease, multidisciplinary monitoring, treatment ...


Review Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology The vasculature of the stomach and intestinal tract during compression stenosis of the celiac axis Babayeva R. E. Azerbaijan Medical University. Department of Human Anatomy and Medical Terminology. Baku. Azerbaijan At the current moment, there is no single approach regarding diagnostics and after-treatment of compression stenosis of the celiac axis. This work aims to study the state of the vasculature of the stomach and intestinal tract during compression stenosis of the celiac axis. Compression stenosis of the celiac axis is a disease caused by extravasal pressure of the celiac axis of the abdominal aorta applied by the arcuate ligament of the diaphragm, diaphragmatic peduncle, or neurophibromatic tissue of celiac plexus. It presents in chronic abdominal pain, dyspeptic events, and neurovegetative disorders. This work aims to study the state of the vasculature of the stomach and intestinal tract during compression stenosis of the celiac axis. Materials and methods. Intraorgan vasculature has been studied – 18 specimens of stomachs and intestinal tracts, gathered during autopsies of dead bodies with compression stenosis of the celiac axis. Autopsie material has been studied sensu L. Reiner. Research has been conducted with angiology, roentgenologic and histologic methods. To achieve the set goal a universal method has been developed, based on classical impregnation methods: intravascular – Ranvier-Goyer, and immersional – Belschowsky-Gros. Results. The conducted research has allowed locating significant changes of histostructure of microcirculation vessels’ vascular wall: wall shredding, edema of basal membrane, swelling of perivascular connective tissue. Overall the stomach and intestinal tract looked paralytically dilated. The most prominent morphologic changes of microvasculature have been revealed in the pyloric part of the stomach and first intestinal segment of dodecadactylon. In addition to diffuse atrophic changes of the stomach lining and intestinal lining, observed during stenosis of the ...


Review Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology The Possible Effects of Asiatic Herbs in SARS-COV-2 and their Mechanism of Action Ferro M.*, Graubard A., Ledezma R., Escalante P., Channan G., Dotres V. and Bencomo Y. Department of Sciences, Nutrition Formulators Inc., Miramar, Fl, USA. In 2019, a new virus called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) gave rise to an unknown outbreak that spread in China’s Hubei province, triggering a new epidemic known as coronavirus-19 (COVID -19). Several studies have demonstrated the metabolic pathways of SARS-COV-2 in angiotensin-converting enzyme receptors 2 (ACE2). With this, others have been considering an approach with drugs that bind to ACE2 receptors as well as antiviral activity as a possible treatment option for the disease. Thus, the objective of this present review was to evaluate some Asiatic herbs for both the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Some herbs, such as the extract of Artemisia annua (Artemisinins) and the extract of Isatis indigotica (Emodin), showed to be effective as inhibitors of adhesion of some viruses. Some studies observed this in the SARS-CoV S / ACE -2 protein interaction in which it inhibited the adhesion of the virus to the cell surface. Similarly, Glycyrrhiza glabra extract (Licorice) showed significant inhibiting action on the influenza virus and was shown to be an effective antiviral in many other viruses by weakening virus activity, such as inhibiting virus gene expression and replication, reducing adhesion force and stress through the reduction of high-mobility-group box1 (HMGB1) binding to DNA. Additionally, one of the best herbs in effective concentration value (EC50) found in this study was Lycoris Radiata with EC50: 2,4 ± 0.2 μg / ml. The results presented in this review are promising in the search for prophylactic treatment in a viral pandemic such as SARS-VOC-2. However, more clinical ...

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American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology