American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology


DAYS OF ACADEMICS OF A COURSE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, GOIÂNIA, GOIÁS, BRAZIL

Research Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology DAYS OF ACADEMICS OF A COURSE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, GOIÂNIA, GOIÁS, BRAZIL Andressa Moura Costa¹²*; Luis Henrique Silva Siqueira²; Lorena Tassara Quirino Vieira¹; Neuma Chaveiro¹; Lídia Acyole de Souza Oliveira¹² Introduction: Sleep is a psychobiological phenomenon that represents the moment that the body restores the processes performed by the body during the wake, influencing the well-being and the physical and mental health of the individual. Objective: In this sense, the objective of the study was to analyze the factors associated with daytime sleepiness in university students. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional, analytical, quantitative analysis study conducted with students of the three shifts of the Physical Education course, UEG / Eseffego. Data were collected using a socio-demographic record and the Epworth Daytime Sleepiness Scale (EPWORTH, 1991). In this, adding the scoring of the scale has up to nine individual points without signs of sleepiness (SS), between 10 and 15 with signs of drowsiness (SDS) and from 16 points with excessive daytime sleepiness (SDE). Results: 305 students were evaluated, mean age 22.01 ± 4.64 years. In the evaluation of the socio-demographic profile, the majority of the sample consisted of men (52.1%), morning (56.4%), no work and / or paid internship (61.6%) and in the first two course (56.4%). When the drowsiness level was verified, 64.9% (198) presented BDS, 18.4% (52) SS and 16.5% (51) did not present BDS. SDE was higher among women (72.6% / p = 0.001), students in the last period (82.4% / p = 0.001) and morning shift (60.2% / p = 0.001). Considerations: This data is worrying since BDS can influence daily activities and, persisting, is a risk factor for the emergence of sleep disorders. In addition, this condition can interfere with the hormonal cycle and trigger more serious ...

Comparative Myoarchitectural Orientation of the Extrinsic Lingual Muscles of the Egyptian Cattle (Bos Taurus), Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) and Camel (Camelus Dromedarius)

Research Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology Comparative Myoarchitectural Orientation of the Extrinsic Lingual Muscles of the Egyptian Cattle (Bos Taurus), Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) and Camel (Camelus Dromedarius) Mohamed A. Naziha aDepartment of anatomy, faculty of veterinary medicine, New Valley University, El-Kharge, New Valley, Egypt Comparative myoarchitectural anatomical studies were adopted on twelve tongues of apparently health of both adult sexes of cattle, buffalo and camel. The study was aimed to describe the architectural orientation of the extrinsic lingual muscles for each species. As well as statistical data between the tongue and extrinsic lingual muscles. The work declared the properties of potent tongue which allowed the cattle and buffalo to perform their behavioral prehension of food. The study described the extrinsic lingual muscles and spotted a light on the role of the geniohyoid muscle on the tongue. The work concluded that the tongue of cattle was the stronger than the buffalo while both able to depend up on their tongue for food prehension. On the other hand the tongue of camel adapted for introral function. Keywords: Comparative, orientation, lingual muscles, cattle, buffalo, camel ...

The Role of Maternal Stress, Cortisol and Interleukin-12 in Cases of Missed Abortion in the First Trimester of Pregnancy in Saudi Women

Research Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology The Role of Maternal Stress, Cortisol and Interleukin-12 in Cases of Missed Abortion in the First Trimester of Pregnancy in Saudi Women Khulood S. Husseina* aDepartment of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, KSA Missed abortion in early pregnancy is a common gynecological condition, and the incidence has been increasing presenting itself as a public health problem. This study aimed to examine stress, cortisol concentration, and altered IL-12 levels in women who experienced missed abortions. Women with missed abortions (n = 40) were matched with control women of the same age in the same stage of pregnancy (n = 30). Participants filled out a survey about common stress factors. Venous blood samples were taken from the patients at 7:00 a.m. ELISA detected IL-12 concentrations, and serum cortisol was measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Women with missed abortions reported significantly more common stressors, and their serum cortisol and IL-12 concentrations were significantly higher than those of the women with healthy pregnancies (all P< 0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the power of the studied parameters to predict women at risk for missed abortion. IL-12 performed the best in predicting women with missed abortions as it had the highest area under the curve (AUC), followed by cortisol. Stress and changes in the immune system may play a role in the etiology of missed abortion in Saudi women in early pregnancy. Keywords: Stress marker, Cortisol, IL-12, Missed abortion, Saudi women, Early pregnancy ...

Analysis of the Effects of the Physical Activity in the Gait of the Bearers of Parkinson: Literature Review

Review Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology Analysis of the Effects of the Physical Activity in the Gait of the Bearers of Parkinson: Literature Review Corrêa D.I.M1, Júnior M.A.C.C2, Luna S.L.M3, Santos J.C.A4, Lima C.F5, Barros A.L.S6 1Docente da FASUP e da FUNESO. 2Estudante do curso de medicina da UFPE; 3Estudante do curso de enfermagem da FUNESO; 4Estudante de especialização em saúde coletiva da FUNESO; 5Docente do Departamento de Fisioterapia da UNICAP; 6Ex-Docente da UNICAP. Introduction:Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder, which causes a decrease in dopamine in the striatum body, occurring so the PD’s primary signs, among them, bradykinesia and postural instability are those that most interfere in the gait quality of PD patients. Physiotherapy uses physical activity as a therapeutic resource, it doesn’t lead to the disappearance of the disease, but it can help slow its progression. Objective: To analyze, through a review of literature, the effects of the physical activity in the gait of the bearers of the PD. Methodology: The study used scientific articles indexed in the bases of data LILACS, MEDLINE, PUBMED and SCIELO. For discussion, articles were included randomized what used the physical activity like resource therapeutic and when those who had not quite definite protocols and what had several wrapped techniques were excluded. Results and Discussion: In the included studies, patients were initially assessed for functional disability through the scale Hoehn & Yahr or Hoehn & Yahr modified, excluding those at a severe stage of the disease and to evaluate the effects of therapeutic interventions, UPDRS (Unified Scale for PD Assessment) was one of the scales applied before and after treatment in most studies. In view of the four different interventions investigated in the present study: treadmill exercises, resisted and balance, associated with external sensory cues and associated with music ...

Dr. Pallavi Kamra
Pediatrician, Clinicas del Camino Real, Camarillo, CA, USA

Dr. Ayanabha Chakraborti
Senior Researcher, Department of Surgery, THT-1066, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Dr. Gelase Fredy Nsonde Ntandou
Faculty of Science and Technology, Marien NGOUABI University

Dr. Divyanshu ( Divy) Dua
Royal Australasian College of Physicians

Dr. Prakash Prajapat
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Mehsana Urban Institute of Sciences, Ganpat University, Mehsana-384012, Gujarat, INDIA

Dr Divya R
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Science & Research Centre

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

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American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology

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