American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews

  • Intra-Party Primaries in Nigeria’s Democratization Process: a Historical Assessment

    The sprouting character of Nigerian politics from the last quarter of the colonial period to the present is reflected in the changing character of her party politics. Thus, from the ratification of regionalism by Author Richards in 1946 through the short period during the First Republic lasted, two foremost factors shaped the character of intra-party relations/politics: ethno-religious and, to a lesser extent, some feigning of ideological commitment. One of the main features of a political party is its ability not only to contest and win elections, but also to conduct internal elections among its various contestants with the aim of selecting the most suitable candidate that will serve the interest of the party. However, several issues have risen as a result of primary elections among the political parties in Nigeria which has not only affected the political party itself, but as well ruin the smooth running of democracy in the country. This paper historically assesses intra-party primaries in Nigeria’s Democratic process. It questioned the nexus between democracy, party primaries, intra-party conflict and law based union in Nigeria. This paper made use of both primary and secondary data.

  • A Comparative Study of Western Economics Teaching Methods

    This paper analyzes the characteristics and existing problems of Western economics courses, compares different teaching methods of Western economics, discusses the advantages and disadvantages and applicability of different teaching methods, and effectively improves the teaching effect of Western economics courses.

  • The Characteristics and Thoughts of Business Ethics Education in European and American Universities

    Business professional ethics education is directly related to the adult talents of students. It is one of the important conditions for colleges and universities to provide qualified business talents for the society and employers, and to ensure the normal operation of the economy and social order in their industries and the entire country. From the perspective of literature research, this paper sorts out and analyzes the main characteristics of business ethics education in European and American universities, and puts forward some suggestions for Chinese business ethics education.

  • Conceptual Tools for Building Higher Education Institutions Corporate Image and Reputation

    This paper draws from the concept of corporate identity as a socially constructed activity of strategising, approached with an understanding that promoting institutional image and identity is among the critical functions of an organisational strategy. Corporate image is most often seen as a compilation of optical fundamentals, which are used in promoting the picture of an institution, because every organisation has an identity and in this, it articulates the shared culture, values and aims, and present a sense of uniqueness that, can help to distinguish the organisation in its spirited educational environment. This conceptual paper draws from secondary and grey literature sources to explore how higher education institutions can promote their corporate identity and reputation in response to the changing competitive educational environment across the globe. We highlight several areas that can be supported in fostering higher education institutions corporate integrity and status.

  • Private Estate Housing Productivity in Greater Port Harcourt, Nigeria

    The housing deficit in Nigeria is reportedly of the order of 17 million units. The private sector remains the major supplier as in some other developing countries. However, productivity in Nigeria is hampered by many factors, including high cost of building materials, difficulty in obtaining title to land, a weak mortgage financing sector, and delay in obtaining building permit. In the study area, Greater Port Harcourt City, there is paucity of information on various aspects of housing, including supply, demand, nature of housing provided, satisfaction levels and relationship between housing and stage in the family life cycle. Therefore, the objectives of the research were to: (1) Ascertain the state of private residential housing estate development in GPHC; (2) ascertain the sources of private residential housing and the relative importance of private vis-à-vis public residential housing delivery; (3) critically examine the number, type and quality of housing provided in private residential estates and their functionality from the point of view of beneficiaries; and (4) ascertain bottlenecks to private residential estate housing delivery. This study was undertaken as a cross-sectional survey of (1) a probability sample of all persons residing in privately built estates and (2) all individuals or corporate firms who have supplied at least 4 building units and above constructed between 1978 and 2014 in Greater Port Harcourt City (GPHC). The research design used was the “passive-observational” method. The number of questionnaires administered to estate residents was 400 while the number administered to estate developers was 76. The study relied on two sources of information – primary and secondary. Primary sources comprised (a) a largely pre-coded questionnaire, administered face-to-face by trained interviewers, (b) Individual Depth Interviews (IDIs) of key informants, (c) direct observation, (c) measurement, and (d) photography. Secondary sources included: (a) unpublished and published material in past theses, books,…

  • Researching and developing interdisciplinary course that integrates science and art (CISA)

    In this study, the purpose is to develop students’ comprehensive ability and positive attitude and understanding of interdisciplinary knowledge. For this purpose, an interdisciplinary Course that Integrates Science and Art(CISA) of the elementary education is researched and developed according to the curriculum design and assessment. The study is conducted in the autumn semester of the 2018-2019 school year. The study adopts both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The qualitative approach is used to simply draw a point of view on the effect of curriculum through the use of interviews. The quantitative approach is used to detect the acquisition of knowledge, the acquirement of skill and promotion of attitude. The sample of the study consists of a total of 39 studens, of which 21 are female students and 18 are male students serving in public schools in China. According to the results of the research, it is found that this course improved students’ art creation and scientific ability and understanding of multidisciplinary concepts related to the art and science.

  • Holistic Global Citizenship Education and Global Entrepreneurship for the Challenge of the 21st Century

    The 21st Century brought global issues the world has never faced before. Climate challenge and destruction of the environment raise the issues of ecological preservation. Poverty and youth unemployment precipitates the issues of social inclusion. Extreme violence and moral hazard bring up the issue of social inclusion. These challenges are interconnected. It cannot solve all of them by improving one of them. Then how can we solve them? It is only possible when we address the fundamental causes. What are the basic causes of challenge? They are mainly originated by man-made and man-induced behavior and characteristics. Humanity stands at the center of these global challenges. The key solution is changing human beings. How can we change human beings? The only solution is education. Through education, we can transform the human mind and tide over the unprecedented 21st Century. However, the current education system does not provide solutions to global challenges. It mainly pursues the economic growth and development. Schools and universities focus on building competences rather concentrate raising human resources to prepare the future. We need a new educational paradigm not only to train expertise, but also to cultivate the mind sets, value and attitudes to engage in global issues. The paradigm should bring the realization that we exist, not merely as an independent person, but interdependent beings mutually interconnected. It should also address interdependence of economy, environment and society, in order to make the world sustainable. Global Citizenship Education (GCED) has received the spot light as a new education paradigm to the formation and cultivation of global citizen. It considers overall global perspectives to open people’s eye and mind to the realities of the world. Hence. It is not only the issue of academy, but also issue of economy, environment and society. It is the issue of all of…

  • Computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward internet usage among library and information science postgraduate students in two library schools in Nigeria

    In integrating computers in higher education, researchers have proposed that positive attitudes toward computers and high computer self-efficacy levels could be important factors in helping students learn computer skills and use computers. It is also expected that LIS Postgraduate students should be knowledgeable and comfortable with electronic resource usage. It is against these backgrounds that this study was conducted. Suvey research design was adopted, the population was Library and Information Science postgraduate students in two selected library schools in Nigeria. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire, two hundred and thirty nine (239) copiesof questionnaire were administered, two hundred and seven (207) were sucessfully retrieved and found to be useable, representing 86.6% response rate. Data analysis was done using descriptive and inferencial statistics. Results showed that in spite of the potentials emerging technologies offers in Library Schools globally, in Nigeria, there is not very evidential that Library Schools are integrating ICTs into their instructions. It was found that among the two library schools studied, there were no operational/functional computer laboratory with internet facilities, access by students were restricted due to limited space as at the time of this study, this go a long way to show that LIS postgraduate students depend solely on their PCs with modem as alternative internet connector or commercial cyber café as the last resort. The above confirmed that there was no computer laboratory with functional internet facilities for postgraduate students as the time of this study. Recommendations for the study include that drastic measures should be taken by LIS educators/administrators to provide computers with functional internet facilities to LIS postgraduate students in their various schools to eliminate any barrier confronting them in order to enhance efficiency and quality of teaching, learning and research services. It was also recommended that other researchers should study…

  • Pyramid Power in Colors

    The infamous ‘pyramid’ question on the Math section of the Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test (PSAT) was reconsidered. Illustrations in colors are presented with a new possible scoring key. Some practical consequential issues are discussed.

  • Intercultural Marriage, a Social Indicator of Adaptation in Sino-African Civil Union: Case of Guangzhou People’s Republic of China

    Marriage is the union of two peoples and consequently of two families and two cultures. In traditional Chinese society, everybody gets married for the sake of family continuity. This is because bringing forth a child is seen as a contribution to perpetuate family name. It is meant for two as families to seal stronger bonds together. It’s therefore observed that, marriage in Chinese Society is conceived for the families rather than for the sharing love. Consequently, the marriage becomes a social construction. The only credible unions with the eyes of the society were those which linked two individuals presenting some similarities from the social, ethnic, racial, cultural and/or religious. The concept of adaptation and the notion of entropy will be employed the theoretical level to show that mixed marriages are the result of complex processes tending to homogenize populations who are from different cultures but who live in permanent contact. To collect the qualitative, we have used the methods of data-gathering, such as documentary review, individual and institutional interview using the guides of interview.