American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews

  • To Study Student Assessment: Explore Issues and Challenges of Practicum Course of B.Ed (Hons) program in Karachi, Pakistan

    Practicum is a tool for teacher’s prospective teacher’s development and it is 15 credit hours course in B.Ed (Hons) program. Numerous studied consider practicum as backbone for effective teacher’s development. The study was designed to explore issues and challenges of student’s assessment in practicum course of B.Ed (Hons).Objectives of study were to explore issues and challenges of student’s assessment in practicum course. Secondly developed applicable mechanism of assessment for practicum course and This study contributed valuable information regarding the implementation of practicum program with assessable assessment criteria. Qualitative method was employed, because it will give more comprehensive result for study. It helped researcher to analyzed problem in multiple ays. qualitative data collected through interview and focus group discussion. Qualitative data coded, categories and finally analyze. The following finding were concluded Lessoning planning and role of supervisor were found strong and effective areas of practicum. Students were using different teaching methods successfully. The university has no lab schools for practicum. Schools were found to be less cooperative. No significant difference was found in the effectiveness level of practicum in different schools.

  • Relationship among Parenting Styles, Prosocial Behavior and School Performance of Students Who are Attending to Grade Seven and Eight State Schools

    The purpose of this study was to examine parenting style, prosocial behavior and students school performance in junior school. In addition, this study attempted to examine the level of parenting styles in their children school performance. Two ten hundred adolescents (Mean age = 14.9 years) measured their own prosocial behaviors, their perceptions of parenting styles of their parents and collected their academic scores from the record office of the schools. Questionnaires were used to collect data. Quantitative analyses (both descriptive and inferential statistics) were used to analyze the obtained data. The data collected were analyzed employing different statistical techniques like correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. Analysis of the data revealed that parenting styles do have significantly higher involvement in their children’s school performance. Parenting styles have an effect on prosocial behavior of adolescents. Path analysis of the data showed that prosocial behavior has statistically significant contribution to the students school performance. Prosocial behavior also has mediate effect between parenting styles and school performance. The current study has significant implications for parents, schools, government and non government sectors and practitioners who are concerned about promoting adolescents’ positive behaviors and performance and discouraging negative behaviors.

  • Capacity Building Needs of Education Lecturers in Information and Communication Technology in Universities

    This study investigated the capacity building needs of education lecturers in ICTs in universities in Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study, which adopted the descriptive survey design. A sample size of 320 education lecturers was drawn from four universities using stratified random sampling technique, representing 56% of the population. Questionnaire titled “HCBNELICTQ” was validated and the reliability established at 0.92. In analyzing the data, mean scores and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while z-test was used in testing the hypotheses. The findings revealed among others that, the capacity building needs of education lecturers on ICT for instructional delivery in universities include: knowledge of operating the ICT devices, good knowledge of handling the devices in teaching, clear skills of manipulating the devices for research and developments, using the devices to store and present academic data, and regular involvement of staff in knowledge updates through appropriate use of new technological devices. Based on the findings of this study, the researchers recommended that education lecturers should cultivate the right attitude to work for effective instructional task performance by maintaining the clarity of job responsibilities in the university system.

  • Intra-Party Primaries in Nigeria’s Democratization Process: a Historical Assessment

    The sprouting character of Nigerian politics from the last quarter of the colonial period to the present is reflected in the changing character of her party politics. Thus, from the ratification of regionalism by Author Richards in 1946 through the short period during the First Republic lasted, two foremost factors shaped the character of intra-party relations/politics: ethno-religious and, to a lesser extent, some feigning of ideological commitment. One of the main features of a political party is its ability not only to contest and win elections, but also to conduct internal elections among its various contestants with the aim of selecting the most suitable candidate that will serve the interest of the party. However, several issues have risen as a result of primary elections among the political parties in Nigeria which has not only affected the political party itself, but as well ruin the smooth running of democracy in the country. This paper historically assesses intra-party primaries in Nigeria’s Democratic process. It questioned the nexus between democracy, party primaries, intra-party conflict and law based union in Nigeria. This paper made use of both primary and secondary data.

  • A Comparative Study of Western Economics Teaching Methods

    This paper analyzes the characteristics and existing problems of Western economics courses, compares different teaching methods of Western economics, discusses the advantages and disadvantages and applicability of different teaching methods, and effectively improves the teaching effect of Western economics courses.

  • The Characteristics and Thoughts of Business Ethics Education in European and American Universities

    Business professional ethics education is directly related to the adult talents of students. It is one of the important conditions for colleges and universities to provide qualified business talents for the society and employers, and to ensure the normal operation of the economy and social order in their industries and the entire country. From the perspective of literature research, this paper sorts out and analyzes the main characteristics of business ethics education in European and American universities, and puts forward some suggestions for Chinese business ethics education.

  • Conceptual Tools for Building Higher Education Institutions Corporate Image and Reputation

    This paper draws from the concept of corporate identity as a socially constructed activity of strategising, approached with an understanding that promoting institutional image and identity is among the critical functions of an organisational strategy. Corporate image is most often seen as a compilation of optical fundamentals, which are used in promoting the picture of an institution, because every organisation has an identity and in this, it articulates the shared culture, values and aims, and present a sense of uniqueness that, can help to distinguish the organisation in its spirited educational environment. This conceptual paper draws from secondary and grey literature sources to explore how higher education institutions can promote their corporate identity and reputation in response to the changing competitive educational environment across the globe. We highlight several areas that can be supported in fostering higher education institutions corporate integrity and status.

  • Private Estate Housing Productivity in Greater Port Harcourt, Nigeria

    The housing deficit in Nigeria is reportedly of the order of 17 million units. The private sector remains the major supplier as in some other developing countries. However, productivity in Nigeria is hampered by many factors, including high cost of building materials, difficulty in obtaining title to land, a weak mortgage financing sector, and delay in obtaining building permit. In the study area, Greater Port Harcourt City, there is paucity of information on various aspects of housing, including supply, demand, nature of housing provided, satisfaction levels and relationship between housing and stage in the family life cycle. Therefore, the objectives of the research were to: (1) Ascertain the state of private residential housing estate development in GPHC; (2) ascertain the sources of private residential housing and the relative importance of private vis-à-vis public residential housing delivery; (3) critically examine the number, type and quality of housing provided in private residential estates and their functionality from the point of view of beneficiaries; and (4) ascertain bottlenecks to private residential estate housing delivery. This study was undertaken as a cross-sectional survey of (1) a probability sample of all persons residing in privately built estates and (2) all individuals or corporate firms who have supplied at least 4 building units and above constructed between 1978 and 2014 in Greater Port Harcourt City (GPHC). The research design used was the “passive-observational” method. The number of questionnaires administered to estate residents was 400 while the number administered to estate developers was 76. The study relied on two sources of information – primary and secondary. Primary sources comprised (a) a largely pre-coded questionnaire, administered face-to-face by trained interviewers, (b) Individual Depth Interviews (IDIs) of key informants, (c) direct observation, (c) measurement, and (d) photography. Secondary sources included: (a) unpublished and published material in past theses, books,…

  • Researching and developing interdisciplinary course that integrates science and art (CISA)

    In this study, the purpose is to develop students’ comprehensive ability and positive attitude and understanding of interdisciplinary knowledge. For this purpose, an interdisciplinary Course that Integrates Science and Art(CISA) of the elementary education is researched and developed according to the curriculum design and assessment. The study is conducted in the autumn semester of the 2018-2019 school year. The study adopts both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The qualitative approach is used to simply draw a point of view on the effect of curriculum through the use of interviews. The quantitative approach is used to detect the acquisition of knowledge, the acquirement of skill and promotion of attitude. The sample of the study consists of a total of 39 studens, of which 21 are female students and 18 are male students serving in public schools in China. According to the results of the research, it is found that this course improved students’ art creation and scientific ability and understanding of multidisciplinary concepts related to the art and science.

  • Holistic Global Citizenship Education and Global Entrepreneurship for the Challenge of the 21st Century

    The 21st Century brought global issues the world has never faced before. Climate challenge and destruction of the environment raise the issues of ecological preservation. Poverty and youth unemployment precipitates the issues of social inclusion. Extreme violence and moral hazard bring up the issue of social inclusion. These challenges are interconnected. It cannot solve all of them by improving one of them. Then how can we solve them? It is only possible when we address the fundamental causes. What are the basic causes of challenge? They are mainly originated by man-made and man-induced behavior and characteristics. Humanity stands at the center of these global challenges. The key solution is changing human beings. How can we change human beings? The only solution is education. Through education, we can transform the human mind and tide over the unprecedented 21st Century. However, the current education system does not provide solutions to global challenges. It mainly pursues the economic growth and development. Schools and universities focus on building competences rather concentrate raising human resources to prepare the future. We need a new educational paradigm not only to train expertise, but also to cultivate the mind sets, value and attitudes to engage in global issues. The paradigm should bring the realization that we exist, not merely as an independent person, but interdependent beings mutually interconnected. It should also address interdependence of economy, environment and society, in order to make the world sustainable. Global Citizenship Education (GCED) has received the spot light as a new education paradigm to the formation and cultivation of global citizen. It considers overall global perspectives to open people’s eye and mind to the realities of the world. Hence. It is not only the issue of academy, but also issue of economy, environment and society. It is the issue of all of…