Health Education

  • To report on experiences in the school environment aimed at health promotion and education

    Introduction: The promotion of health in the school context starts from an integral and multidisciplinary view of the human being, who considers people in their family, community, social and environmental context. Thus, health promotion actions aim to develop knowledge, skills and abilities for health self-care and prevention of risk behaviors in all educational opportunities; as well as foster an analysis of the values, conduct, social conditions and lifestyles of the individuals involved. Objective: to report on experiences in the school environment aimed at health promotion and education. Methodology: This is a descriptive study of the type of experience report of activities developed with students from a municipal school located in Jaboatão dos Guararapes in the state of Pernambuco, provided by the Health extension project at the University of Pernambuco-UPE. Throughout the project, a number of activities aimed at promoting health in early childhood education were inserted, with students from the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year of primary education during the 2016 school year. The team responsible for developing the activities was composed of academics from the health courses, linked to the extension project. Results and Discussion: In the school were developed educational activities of the type scenarios, drawings, videos, jokes and lectures with different themes such as: coexistence pact, personal hygiene, food and environment. The results acquired during the project were satisfactory, taking into account the students’ learning after each of the activities, the results were recorded and computed in an evaluation worksheet. The experiences acquired throughout the project were extremely important, thus contributing to our academic and personal training. Conclusion: The experience contributed to the practical visualization of the possibilities of interventions using children’s pedagogical strategies, allowing, in a playful way, to address the importance of health education in the school environment.

  • The atuation of the nurse in the prevetion cardiovascular diseases in adults

    Introduction: The cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the principal causes of morbidity and mortality in the world, it’s can to be previne with health promotion, through of the protagonist paper of the nurse. Objectives: Analyse like the nurse act in the prevetion of the cardiovascular diseases in adults. Methodology: The present study is a revision of integrative role, whose reviewed articles were captured through database analysis: BDENF, LILACS and SciELO. The descriptors utilized were: Cardiovascular diseases, Health education, Nursing. This analysis were realized on september 25th to 27th, 2017; the criterions of the included were published articles in portuguese and english, in 2011 to 2017, being excluded all that haven’t adequation at thematic of study. By means of the criterions defined were found 120 publisheds, but, only 7 articles met the criterions of the principal objective. Results and Discussions: The modifiable factors propitiate the advent, the maintenance e progression of the CVDs, being an aspect of major influence to the appear of the patology than the non-modifiable, genetic, race, sex and age, that possibility thus the intervention preventive of the nurse, in control the dyslipidemia, systemic arterial hypertension, tabagism, among others, starting at the Health Basic Unit, integrand the actions that proporcions a major quality of life to the patient. Conclusion: According to what was mentioned, is possible to observe the importance of the nurse like health educator, enabling the prevetion of the CVDs, since, this professional can to conscientize the community and through of this change comportaments accentuating the quality of life.

  • The nursing educational role in the promotion of health for chronic diseases non-transmissible

    Introduction: Health education in Primary Health Care (PHC) services is characterized by a set of knowledges and guidelines, both aimed at health promotion and disease prevention. The nurse, along with the other professionals that make up the APS, need to have a specific knowledge about the assigned area, since the act of educating will require the educator knowledge of the reality of his student. Objectives: To analyze nurses’ practice in relation to their educational role in promoting health for chronic noncommunicable diseases. Methodology: Integrative review study, in the databases LILACS, SciELO, BDENF. The descriptors used were: Chronic Disease; Health education; Nursing; Role of the Nurse, Health Promotion. The collection took place on September 22 and 24, 2017. The following inclusion criteria were used: articles published between the years 2010 to 2016, in full text and written in Portuguese language, being excluded all those findings that did not contemplate the proposed theme, editorials and revisions. Results and Discussion: We identified 27 publications, but only 10 met the inclusion criteria. In the studies analyzed, the nurse is seen as a key point in the prevention and promotion of health .. Its performance is of total relevance, since it performs its interventions mainly by educational actions, due to its holistic perception. The nurse acts in the health education of the population, providing other actions for them to have adequate conditions for improvement, such as the stimulation of healthy habits and the use of specific and differentiated care, thus contributing to improve quality of life. Conclusion: It was verified that the nurse through his scientific technical knowledge is qualified to act in the health education of the population, possessing satisfactory characteristics to exercise the function of educator.

  • Build up in the oncological patients the capacity to acquire knowledge due to their suffering experience related to the disease

    Introduction/Objective: The present study is part of an educational sciences PhD program and aims to evaluate the educational process that can result from the suffering process experienced by oncological patients. The main purposes of the study are: (1)build up in the oncological patients the capacity to acquire knowledge due to their suffering experience related to the disease; and (2) be able to transfer the obtained knowledge to formal and informal caregivers. Methodology: Cancer patients were selected that met the criteria defined in the research. Questionnaires were given following the method of narratives beyond the questionnaire of Coherence Sense proposed by Antonovsky. Results and Discussion: We found that patients do not always know their ability to manage their difficulties about the disease and its real care needs, a situation which results in a lack of knowledge on the part of formal caregivers, about the experience that patients have of their disease, with order consequences technical and ethical. In this paper, the salutogenic perspective Antonovsky; and the ethics of care in the health context are the theoretical assumptions. Conclusion: We consider that each oncological patient has an educator status, as he/she can teach and is, more over, the one who can teach not only the possible direction of the disease, but the specifics of the illness; these specifics as the possible direction of the disease, are inextricably linked to what Antonovsky appointed as internal sense of coherence, for which evaluation he built the SOC questionnaire. For their turn, the ethics of care, according to Kemp and Rendtorff, defines four ethical principles in the context of health and medical research: autonomy, dignity, integrity and vulnerability. These principles are inseparable and must be understood in a general framework of solidarity and responsibility.

  • Orientation about sexually transmitted infections to young students from the education in health program

    Introduction: The sexually transmitted infections are a worldwide concern. The rates of some infections are increasing in groups of people that were not affected by them in the past, therefore, this increase demonstrates many vulnerabilities in those groups, even though that are a circumstantial number of promotion and prevention of health in the actual health system. Objetive: To describe an action of education in health about sexually transmitted infections (Syphilis and Human Papillomavirus – HPV) to young adults from a public school of the state of Pará. Methodology: This study is a descriptive experience report, developed by a multiprofessional team of Women’s and Children’s Health residents. The education in health action was performed using a pretest with closed questions about syphilis and HPV. These questions were about clinical epidemiological information about the diseases. After this pretest, a lecture was performed for the students about the diseases and the correct methods of preventing those. The students were divided into groups and they were told to make a poster with images about what they have had understood about the lectures, the clinical aspects of the diseases. Results and Discussion: The students had a satisfactory perception of the sexually transmitted diseases, which was demonstrated by the answers of the pretest and the poster they had made. The action showed that students were receptive and aware that even with lectures and campaigns, the risks of infection were still a risk, and so they sought preventive methods that would protect them regularly. Conclusion: Health orientation in schools is a good method to aware young adult’s students about the health-disease process. The action could improve the relationship between the multiprofessional residents and spread substantial information about the sexually transmitted diseases to students from the education in health program.