Health Education

  • Weight Evolution of Patients Undergoing Gastroplasty in a Hospital in Pernambuco

    Objective: describe the weight evolution of patients undergoing gastroplasty in a hospital in Pernambuco. Methods: A longitudinal, retrospective and descriptive study was carried out through the nutritional monitoring form, obtaining sociodemographic, clinical and nutritional data from patients over 18 years of age who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for the treatment of obesity and who were followed up during the pre and postoperative period at the IMIP Nutrition outpatient clinic between 2012 and 2017. Results: There was a decrease in BMI from 47.35 ± 7.09 kg / m² in the preoperative period to 29.65 ± 4.46 kg / m² in the 24 postoperative month and there was progressive weight loss in percentage according to the 6 months (45 , 23 ± 12.18), 12 (60.37 ± 13.98), 18 (64.80 ± 15.66), and finally, month 24 reaching 67.24 ± 20.38%. Conclusion: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass proved to be efficient in weight loss and decrease in BMI, helping in the long term in weight loss and, therefore, in a better quality of life. In addition, the nutritional monitoring, which is essential for adherence and maintenance of healthy eating habits in the pre- and postoperative period, is also noteworthy.

  • Vocational Training and Dental Care in the Unique Health System: Experience Report

    Objective: To report the experience lived during the Integrated Multiprofessional Residency in Family Health at the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the University of Pernambuco – FCM/UPE – at the interface with the Residency in Hospital Dentistry with a focus on Oncology at the University of Pernambuco developed at the Oncology Center at the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital of the University of Pernambuco – CEON/HUOC/UPE. Methods: This is an experience report of dental practice in the context of professional training, in SUS, both in primary, secondary and tertiary care. Results: It is noticeable the need for greater professional qualification of the graduate, their integration in the Services of the institutionalized network and their performance with efficiency in multiprofissional teams, emphasizing the importance of professional training through Residencies, allowing the dental surgeon to improve in the diferente fields of Dentistry activities and, in particular, rescuing the inter-trans-multidisciplinary performance in both primary and hospital care and in the area of oncology. It was noticed that the integrated performance of the dental surgeon in a multidisciplinar team in low and medium complexity with resolvability in oral care is essential for the quality of care in the hospital context. Conclusion: Dental care directly impacts the quality of care and patient’s lives. The training of the dental surgeon throug the Residencies can provide skills and contribute with the other professions to the patient’s quality of life. In addition to its assistance character, the Dentistry Service – CEON/HUOC/UPE assumes an important education function, serving as a teaching research and extension field.

  • Serum Vitamin D Levels of Patients Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

    Objective: To assess serum vitamin D levels in patients living with the human immunodeficiency virus followed up at an Escola Hospital in Recife-Pernambuco. Material and Method: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, carried out between the months of May and December 2018. The population was composed of patients living with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who had the serum vitamin D levels measured in the last year. The reference values ​​for sufficiency of this vitamin were considered adequate when they were equal to or greater than 30 ng / mL, as suggested by the Brazilian Medical Societies. For statistical analysis, data were entered into the Microsoft Office Excel program. The research project was approved by the Ethics and Research Committee, obtaining a Presentation Certificate for Ethical Appreciation, number: 76950417.9.0000.52.01. Results: The sample consisted of 64 patients, with an average age of 40.0 ± 10.3 years, with only 4.7% of the population formed by the elderly. Regarding clinical and treatment characteristics, the most prevalent route of transmission was sexual (84.4%), with an infection diagnosis time greater than five years (68.3%). Regarding serum vitamin D levels, insufficiency was found in 35.9% of participants. Conclusion: With the present study, it was possible to verify that there is an expressive percentage of patients with vitamin D deficiency, emphasizing the importance of periodic dosage of serum levels of this vitamin, due to the physiological changes characteristic of the disease itself and types of drugs used in therapy.

  • Domestic Agriculture: Intoxications Caused in the Metropolitan Region of Recife in the Period from 2014 to 2016.

    Objective: To analyze poisoning by domestic pesticides in the metropolitan region of Recife from 2014 to 2016. Methods: The research consisted of an analysis in the database of the National Toxic Information System (SINITOX), verifying the profile of poisoning in the metropolitan region from Recife in the period from 2014 to 2016. Result: The results found in the National Toxic Information System showed a total of 103 cases reported in the city of Recife in the state of Pernambuco. It was observed that about 60.19% of the intoxications were due to individual accidents, there was a predominance in children of 39.8% who had an age range between 1 to 4 years. It was shown that 57.3% were female and 82.5% were urban. Regarding the evolution, it was found that about 40.8% of the patients evolved to cure, 0.97% died, and 54.4% were classified as others. Conclusion: It is essential to make the population aware of the risks related to the toxicity of domestic pesticides, since many consumers are unaware of their real toxic effects, mainly for the safety of children, who in the region presented a greater number of reported cases, together with health professionals in notification of cases of intoxication and thus reduce the risk of death and contamination in the home environment.

  • Contradiction and Double Binds in COVID-19 Face Covering Recommendations

    The global coronavirus pandemic incited swift public health recommendations and education in the United States and throughout the world to reduce the spread of the virus. In the U.S., the White House Coronavirus Task Force, the “Slow the Spread” campaign in 15 and 30-day increments, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and other public health organizations and representatives weighed in on the role of face coverings to counter COVID-19 threats to public health. Face coverings became a contested public health recommendation. This article rhetorically analyzes contradiction in COVID-19 face covering recommendations and the ensuant double-binds. Analysis of press conferences, national public health websites, and the “Slow the Spread” campaign reveals contradictions in individual risk-averse public health recommendations, specifically face coverings. Contradictions were categorized into: uncover-cover, risky-risk averse, voluntary-recommended-required, and politically right-left. Implications of contradictory messages create double binds for the public seeking to adhere to public health recommendations for personal and public safety. Double binding public health messages undermine public health goals because double binds often result in maladaptive, inappropriate responses. Conclusions assert that to be a responsible citizen of personal and public health in a viral pandemic is a contested and contradictory accomplishment.

  • COVID’s impact on surgical training

    With the COVID pandemic sweeping across the globe [1], over 1240,000 people have been infected in India (as of July 23,2020 ) in India. With approximately 30,000 deaths, the nation has been reeling under the ravages of COVID 19, and the economic fallout that followed in its wake. Tamil Nadu has over 1,80,000 cases with approximately 3144 deaths (23/07/2020). In this unfavourable milieu, surgical postgraduates joined the course through the process of NEET selection and counselling. Given that social distancing was essential, meet and greet, introduction and case based discussions are held on online platforms such as Google Meet and ZOOM.

  • Homeopathy role in Covid19

    This is a case-related research article, as I know it was written in the first article on how homeopathy can be used to treat coronavirus? Case study of people suffering from close symptoms of coronavirus have joined. In this I have experimented with the traditional medicines of homeopathy like Ars alb, Influenzum, Bell, Baptisia Dilutions and Aconit Q, Ocimum SancQ, Eup perf Q, Bapti Q, Bryoni Q, Renaculus B with some special patent medicines. The three survived the disease within a week through homeopathic medicines, My point is that people who are on Coronetine and who are on alternative treatment for coronavirus, use these homeopathic medications within 2 hours, and then the coronavirus slows down. So it is good to have a worldwide investigation.

  • Women’s Disorders & Homeopathy Treatment

    The review article explains that the homeopathy remedies are treatment of different women’s troubles is a common condition that includes various hormonal changes at puberty, menarche, and pregnancy until menopause. Researches have supported that women with great physical and mental stress have disturbed menses. Female life is divided into 3 phases. Firstly, birth to puberty, secondly, puberty to adult, thirdly, menopause or climacteric. Hence girls should be given proper diet, routine health checkups. Women suffering with acne, dysmenorrhoea, PCOD, regular U.T.I need proper treatments

  • HEALTH EDUCATION ACTIVITY IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTER ON FOOD CARE IN THE EARLY YEARS OF LIFE – EXPERIENCE REPORT

    Introduction: the first years of life are constituted as one of the most important phases of the human experience due to the maturation of organs, systems and vital functions. In this stage, the inappropriate nourishment with exclusive breastfeeding withdrawal and untimely introduction of solid and processed foods rich in carbohydrates and lipids through epigenetics mechanisms are related to the increased chance of developing a non-transmissible chronic disease such as obesity, being this practice discouraged and alerted by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics. However, the lack of information and the low socioeconomic conditions lead some families to introduce these improper eating habits at this stage of life, which entails health problems according to the concepts of disease prevention and health and wellness promotion. Objective: based on that perspective, a health education action was planned and fulfilled on April 24, 2019 in the waiting room of the Primary Healthcare Center Alto dos Coqueiros, in order to take information and apply the knowledge about the cares with the early years of life closer to the present families reality. Methods: the action was structured in expositive speeches given by five medical students of the Faculdade de Ciências Médicas about caring at this stage of life, especially about nutrition. Were addressed topics like exclusive breastfeeding, introduction of solid food, allergy prevention, “first 1000 days”, however always letting the presents share experiences and make questions about the topics. Results: the activity had a significant participation of the people present, including health professionals from the unit itself, highlighting the share of experiences about financial difficulties to consume of milk formulas, misconceptions about the consume of processed food for children that soon were deconstructed and the public interest to share the knowledge acquired at that moment to their families and neighbours. Conclusion: based on the interest and interactions…

  • Deployment of the Telephoneaudiology in the Hospital Network of Pernambuco: Experience Report

    Objective: to report the process of implementation of educational actions in the subject of human communication health and speech therapy for professionals working in the Hospital Network of Pernambuco. Methods: This is an experience report developed after approval of the ethics committee in partnership with the State Nucleus of Telehealth of the Health Secretariat of Pernambuco. The methodological route for implantation consisted of four stages namely: 1- Technical analysis of the videoconference points 2-videoconferencing offer; 3- Evaluation of satisfaction by the target audience. Results: To date, two videoconferences have been carried out out of a total of four planned. Four State Hospital Hospitals participated in the sessions. At the events, 23 professionals participated, with an average training time of 17.86 years and who had been following up for approximately five years. The vast majority (95%) reported being satisfied with the proposal, 100% reported satisfaction with the topic addressed, with the material made available and with the technical quality and infrastructure. All said that the topics covered were important in their work process and that they would use the knowledge in their daily work. Unanimously, professionals said that the proposal should continue and that they participated in other projects in the same format. Conclusion: It is verified that the actions of permanent education mediated by information and communication technologies contribute in the professional qualification process of speech-language pathologists assisting in the clinical decision-making and in the support to integral health care of human communication.