Dermatological Research and Reviews

  • Treatment and rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis

    Introduction: The cases that involve this pathology promote discussions about diagnosis and treatment, generating numerous ways to treat this pathology. Objectives: To describe the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Methodology: The information contained in this article results from the combination of research on patients and treatments involving TMJ ankylosis as well as its applications. Results: It was verified that there is no common therapeutic procedure for all patients, so there are several forms of treatment. Conclusion: It is necessary to have a multi professional team that is directed and committed in the diagnosis and treatment of the patient, as well as a line of research that facilitates the diagnosis.

  • Promoting healthy food practices through food education: a focus on functional foods

    Introduction: The poor eating habits of large populations associated with a more sedentary lifestyle, are responsible for the increase of diseases linked to diet. Given this scenario, there is a worldwide interest in improving the quality of nutrition and reducing health spending. Objective: To promote an intervention action directed to the reeducation of food related to the consumption of functional foods, based on an intervention carried out at the Colégio Dom Augustinho Ikas in São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco. Methodology: The intervention was divided into 6 stages, where the topics on poor diet, healthy eating and functional foods were discussed. A practical gastronomic workshop and the application of questionnaires were carried out to evaluate the nutritional status of the participants, as well as the impact of the intervention. Outcome: Participants in the intervention already consumed some of these functional foods, being very positive from a nutritional point of view, although only 10% knew or had already heard about the subject. It was also possible to verify the gain of new knowledge by those involved. Conclusion: The intervention proved to be a sensitizing tool in relation to the factors related to food choices reconciled with the measure of health promotion and quality of life.

  • Phenotype and genotype relationship of Dariers disease

    Introduction – Darier’s disease is a severe hereditary keratinization disorder that is transmitted by an autosomal dominant factor of an unusual type of genodermatosis. The age of onset of symptoms is typically at puberty and equally affects both sexes. Objectives – Cytogenetically show the behavior of the disease in individuals, its clinical and histopathological characteristics. Contribute to a better understanding of the phenotype / genotype relationship of the disease. Methodology – This literature review on the disease was carried out with information searches in Dermatology books, Oral Pathology and published scientific articles. Results – It is believed that the disease is related to a gene, ATP2A2, which is responsible for coding a calcium pump. From this, studies show that some cellular structures, such as desmosomes, are compromised (because chemical signaling depends on the intracellular calcium), with a lack of cohesion between epithelial cells. Conclusion – The phenotype / genotype relationship of this disease is not yet fully understood and the disease represents a challenge for medical genetics.