Global Journal of Arts and Humanities

  • The François Quesnay Problem: Laozi or Confucius, where his economic thoughts come from?

    François Quesnay was called “Confucius of Europe” because of his admiration of Confucius. The core of economic thoughts of François Quesnay were “law of nature” and “inaction”. However, “law of nature” and “inaction” were the core thoughts of Taoism founded by Laozi. Although Confucius also mentioned “Tao” and “inaction”, the core thoughts of Confucianism were morality and hierarchy. Laozi, François Quesnay criticized, or Confucius, François Quesnay adored, where his economic thoughts come from? This is just like a person walked into a shop of civilization because he was attracted by the product of designer A there, and took away a tool that he thought was designed by designer A but actually was by designer B. Afterwards, he showed his appreciation for the tool and designer A to his friend. Later, this tool was used by his friend and created great value. This may be a harmless misunderstanding, but if we know the truth, can we give designer B the credit he deserves and create more value with his tools?

  • Why Some Natural Areas Are Sacred? Lesson From Guji Oromo In Southern Ethiopia

    Current researches show that there are considerable sacred natural sites among Gujii Oromoo of southern Ethiopia. Nevertheless, the significant weight was not given to explore why some natural areas are sacred while others are profane. Hence, this article aims at addressing this question by exploring the traditional bases for classification of sacred and non-scared/profane land among Gujii Oromo in Adoola Reedde and Annaa Sorraa districts in Gujii Zone. Concerning methodological approach, methods of data gathering employed were in-depth and key informants’ interviews, transect walk and focus group discussions. The analysis of data was carried out through qualitative description and explanatory approach. The findings of the study demonstrate that dedication of some natural places to rituals of Gada system and adoring of waaqa in the area, are identified as the traditional grounds for sacredness of some natural sites. In addition, the symbolic connection of topographical features and agro-climatic condition with Guji cultural practices, on one hand and myths entrenched in the people’s tradition on the other are basic grounds for the classification of sacred areas from profane. Generally, some natural sites are sacred in the study area, not because of land’s unique feature or other aspects, but because of dedication to rituals in Gada system and worship of waaqa, symbolic implication of the area to Guji culture and related traditionally deep ingrained myths handed down from preceding generation.

  • To analyze the perception of teachers about the vocal health workshop in a private school in the city of João Pessoa

    Introduction:Although the main task of the voice is communication, in modern society a third of the population depends on the voice as a primary instrument in their work. Among these professionals, the teacher can be highlighted as the voice professional with the highest occurrence of dysphonia. Objective: This article aims to analyze the perception of teachers about the vocal health workshop in a private school in the city of João Pessoa. Methodology: An exploratory research was conducted, with a sample of 7 teachers. A questionnaire was used as instrument, and a descriptive analysis was performed through SPSS software. The project was approved by the Ethics Committee of UNIPE with the approval number 1.829.531. Results and Discussion: The sample was 100% composed of women, ranging in age from 27 to over 50, with up to 20 years teaching. Among the participants, 57.1% said they had already lost their voice during work. Conclusion: It was concluded that through the vocal health workshop they were able to know the importance of care with the voice, but not all of them changed their habits towards the necessary care. It was also noticed that all of the participants presented symptoms for prolonged use of the voice, although they do not keep the exercises as part of their daily life. This signals for the importance of actions towards health promotion and prevention of these professionals.

  • Speech Therapy and Facilitating Strategies Used by Teachers I the Development of Reading and Writing of the Deaf

    Introduction: A deaf child may develop pedagogically at regular school levels, but facing difficulties by entering into the exclusive environment of listeners. In this context, facilitating methods can be used for secondary education and understanding of the deaf student. But an insight into teachers’ knowledge of methodologies is unknown. Objective: To explore how the teachers’ strategy for the teaching of reading and writing of the deaf. Methodology: It was a descriptive research with quantitative approach, carried out in a public school in the city of Joao Pessoa-PB. We interviewed ten (n = 10) teachers whose has in their student body some deaf student. The data were collected through the application of a structured questionnaire with six (n = 6) objective questions about teacher training and methods used in the classroom with deaf students. The data analysis was performed on the basis of Microsoft Word 13 program. Results and Discussion: It was observed that only 10% (n = 1) of teachers had academic education directed to the deaf student, most of the participants teachers have struggles with the relationship with the deaf student in the classroom, and despite the delay, more than 50% of them do not use any facilitative method. Conclusion: In light of the above, one can perceive a lack of knowledge of techniques and difficulties of relationship between teacher and deaf student. These only show off the importance of the presence of Educational Phonoaudiology, because it contributes to the awareness of the facilitating methods and collaborations for the better development of the student in the classroom.

  • Melodic Intonation Therapy With Music Support in Patients With Aphasia of Expression

    Introduction: Aphasia is an acquired disorder of language processing due to brain damage, which can compromise expressive and receptive aspects. Music therapy can contribute both to the rehabilitation of the aphasic subjects’ linguistic abilities, facilitating verbal and non-verbal communication and strengthening neuropsychological functions, as well as modulation of emotions, improving mood and quality of life. Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a rehabilitation technique that proposes to develop verbal fluency and prosody by means of steps, in which sentences and prayers are used to produce the patient. Objective: Verify in the specialized literature the application and the efficacy of MIT with the support of music in patients with Expressive Aphasias, through selected articles. Methods: It was carried out an extensive research and articles published between 2011 and 2017, indexed in the data bases SCIELO, MEDLINE and LILACS, were selected. The following keywords were selected in portuguese: music, aphasia and expressive language. Results and Discussion: The MIT uses the supra-segmental aspects of speech, that is, of prosodic elements. In cases of expressive aphasia a function of the chant is preserved, because it activates the right cerebral hemisphere, which is the opposite side to an injury present in aphasic individuals. Thus, we verified that MIT adapted with the support of music, offer significant results in patients with aphasia of expression: improve in speech fluency, reduction of anomies, improvement in syntax of speech and dyspraxia of speech, and improvement of attention functions, memory of work, episodic-semantic verbal memory (recognition), prospective memory, naming, reading aloud, spontaneous writing and dictation. Conclusion: Aiming to restructure the language of patients with aphasic of expression, a MIT contributes not only to the rescue of communicative skills, but also to the social reinsertion of people and improving their quality of life.

  • Evaluate the benefits of cinema in spaces of health

    Introduction:The hospital cinema consists of bringing patients, caregivers and health professionals to a new environment bringing about a modification of the reality they are facing. Cine Clube +, linked to the MAIS Program (Manifestation of Integrated Art to Health), aims to promote humanization thus improving the quality of life of those who attend. Objectives: use of the cinema as a complementary form in the treatment of diseases, health promotion, humanization and sensitization of the community of the Hospital das Clínicas of UFPE and gather areas of knowledge by approaching centers, departments and disciplines to jointly evaluate the benefits of cinema in spaces of health. Methodology: Are displayed weekly short films by students of the courses in the areas of health, human and exact of UFPE, responsible for: selection, organization, transportation of the material and development of sessions. sessions have duration of about an hour being directed to the whole community hospital and taken to several wards of HC-UFPE. Apply questionnaires pre and post intervention, in order to quantify results about the project and well being of spectators. Results and discussion: With a presence of 5 to 10 people on average at each session it is observed that the patients leave a troubled emotional state to a state of relaxation, joy, tranquility. Idleness gives way to laughter and distraction facilitating the release of hormones that will aid in the healing process. This relationship has achieved positive results, since it allows the withdrawal of patients from their routines and integrates the varied possibilities offered by the cinema, making them see and participate in a universe beyond the corridors of the hospital. Conclusion: The use of cinema serves as a facilitator of the treatment process, besides generating aggrandizement for the academic area by encouraging students to participate in humanized professionals.

  • To intervene directly in the construction of quality of life and progressive improvement of the disease

    Introduction: Art therapy is a therapeutic modality based on the different psychological approaches that aims to treat human suffering using artistic activities, bringing with it the importance of therapeutic treatment that can be expressed in several ways such as: painting; drawing; collages; capoeira; body language; music; creation of characters without concern for aesthetics, among others. There is efficacy for complex social and health problems. Objectives: To intervene directly in the construction of quality of life and progressive improvement of the disease. Methodology: It is a descriptive study of the type of experience report, carried out a therapeutic intervention through a graphite and dramatization. The art was experienced in the art therapy discipline from August to November of 2016, with the theme on Stress and Depression, which reported through the hair of the doll Nega Maluca the reasons that cause during the day-to-day in the university. Being presented to the academics and professors of the health courses of the University of Pernambuco in the Campus Santo Amaro within the elective discipline. Results and Discussion: The presentation was made by a group, composed of nursing academics from the same faculty of different modules, using the scenic arts technique to approach the themes through an exhibition of the art model, an explanation of its meaning, a staging and, finally, graphing at the authorized location. Conclusion: Artistic activity as an instrument of mediation for the general public through graffiti and dramatization was of great importance, since it is an artistic expression with embellishment and reflective way. With the intention of emphasizing the dimension of the theme and dealing with future health professionals, since this modality acts in the evaluation, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation for health.