Global Journal of Arts and Humanities


    In the film and television texts, the spiritual growth and changes of male characters are always accompanied by pains, that is, the Oedipus-style of killing the father and marrying the mother, which has also become a way for male characters to grow up. When the male characters cannot correctly deal with the order of these two desires in the process of self-construction, it will bring a devastating hit to the male characters. The male characters in Wen Jiang’s films often have a strong Oedipus complex, and this complex will ultimately affect the growth of the characters.


    Social science believes that religion is a cultural phenomenon that has emerged in the development of human society to a certain historical stage, an illusory reflection of the objective world, and a social ideology. Primitive religions, also known as tribal religions, refers to the religions of the ancient times and the religions of uncivilized society, such as nature worship, elf worship, totem worship, witch cult, etc. Art refers to a social ideology that uses images to reflect reality but is more typical than reality, including literature, calligraphy, painting, sculpture, architecture, music, dance, drama, film, and Chinese Quyi. There is a close relationship between art and religion, and their production and development are closely linked.


    The objective of this study was to assess the causes and consequences of begging in Dessie city. To achieve the purpose of this research, a mixed research design was employed. The respondents were selected through convenience and purposive sampling techniques. The data were collected through survey, in-depth interview and key informant interview data collection methods. Both quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis were used in a concurrent manner. The researchers used descriptive statistical tools to analyze the quantitative data. Descriptive tools such as frequency, percentages, and tables are employed to present the results. On the other hand, the qualitative data was analyzed by using thematic analysis methods. As the findings indicated that leading causes that force individuals to begging is the wide spread poverty and economic problems of families, health problems (illness), physical disability, homelessness, loss of property and lack of caring relatives. Moreover, death of parents (orphanage), lack of old age security and divorce were factors contributing to begging life. There are also negative consequences of begging including lack of shelter and food, harsh weather conditions (sun and cold), verbal abuse posed by the public, car accident and harassments from fellow beggars. Harassment by municipal officials and by police, discrimination and stigma were the other common problems associated with begging. It can conclude that beggar’s are faced a wider range of socio economic challenges, immeasurable exploitations and sufferings while they were begging and living on the street, public places and churchyards. Therefore, government and non government organization need to resolve the major causes of begging as well as it needs to strengthen the social protection system to protect vulnerable groups including beggars.


    The quality of a film comes from all aspects. Among them, the director’s design of the lens language, the control of scene scheduling and the design of the narrative structure are very important parts of achieving a film. The film “Green Book” has attracted a lot of controversy after winning the Oscar best film, basically it is criticized from the perspective of film literature, but the film’s achievements in director art are rarely mentioned. The characters’ appearance, detailed elements and narrative structure provide an in-depth analysis of the film’s director art.


    In this review article the author argues that complete presentation of various Ancient Indian methods can reduce the stress and related mental and physical illnesses like Stress anxiety, depression etc.. Life is neither Possible to overcome safely. These methods are increasing in Physical and mental health and reducing stress is an important stimulus of human growth and creativity as well an inevitable part of life.


    The main purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of married women with physical disability. More specifically this study focused on main challenges faced by married women with physical disabilities, opportunities available to ensure the right of disabled women and strategies they used to solve their challenges. Qualitative research approach and case research design was used to present the study result. In-depth interview was the main data collection tool for this study. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the result of this study. The finding of this study indicated that married women experienced multiple challenges which include social-cultural challenges, psychological problems, economic problems, domestic challenges and gender based violence, violence based on their disability status, reproductive and health problems. Violence against women is most pressing challenges faced by women with physical disabilities. Thus findings revealed that women experienced multiple forms of violence, including emotional violence, neglect, financial abuse or exploitation, and physical or sexual abuse. This violence could include ignoring nutritional or medical needs, or inappropriate handling by caregivers. It could also take the form of being denied to access and control over financial resources. Women were also narrated that they face structural barriers in accessing education, health, and social services. Most safe places for women and girls remain inaccessible to those with disabilities. As a concluding remarks attention needs to be given for people with physical impairment and legal frameworks need to be implemented at grass root level to create disability friendly environment. It needs the collaborative effort of humanitarian agencies, the society, government and non-governmental organizations to make disability sensitization and resource mobilization to mainstream disability.


    Recently, with the popularity of the TV program THE SOUND and the similar voice competition TV performance , dubbing actors and this industry are coming into the public notice gradually. Dating back to the pre-Qin dynasty, the theory of “Language”, “Image” and “Meaning” has appeared in the traditional Chinese art. For instance, “Language” cannot convey “Meaning” entirely; form “Image” to complete “Meaning”; gain “Meaning” and ignore “Image”. The relationship among them is the dialectical unity. Artists are required to integrate the three things organically in the artistic creation, creating excellent works of art. Film dubbing art is a kind of artistic creation, so this paper will take the TV program THE SOUND as an example to analyze how the dubbing actors use the three aspects of “Language”, “Image” and “Meaning” flexibly.


    The imaginative writer always aims at presenting a story to the audience (readers) that is not only interesting but appears to be true so as to keep them in love with his work. The literary creative writer skillfully mixes his imagination with the material obtained from the society to produce a piece that is a reflection of the realities of his environment. This pa-per therefore, examines Trevor Rhone’s Smile Orange from a realist perspective. The pa-per reveals that the themes and literary techniques the author has adopted deepen our knowledge of the Caribbean Islands, particularly Jamaica whose socio-economic realities are sampled by the author. Through realism, as a literary theory, racism and sexuality among other thematic preoccupations and literary techniques like satire and the use of a creolised English, this paper appreciates Smile Orange as a piece that brings us face to face with the real experiences of the Caribbean. The history of the Caribbean has been captured in the paper to give the reader an insight into what the literature of the people may contain if it is realistic. The author is able to give us another dimension of the eco-nomic and social problems of Jamaica using the tourist industry as an example.By present-ing those issues without making any revolutionary move makes the playwright a critical realist.


    This paper investigates the complex developments of identity in contemporary Africa considering that the emergence of identity politics is a consequence of the extraordinarily rapid and profound upheavals and transformations of human society at the turn of the 21stcentury. Contemporary world has considerably opened up and extraordinarily shrunk in specific historical circumstances. The act of migration particularly, is one that profoundly changes the individual, transforming the relationship of the migrant with his home country and new host country and then impacting their identity as a result. The expanding use of the term, identity politics, is scrutinized in this work and attempts are made at delineating its unwieldy parameters. This in turn reflects the socio-political composition of African societies.

  • Kinship, Marriage and Family

    This paper focuses mainly on marriage, family and kinship. Anthropologists traditionally have a strong interest in families, along with larger systems of kinship and marriage. These terms are core in anthropology discipline. They are socially constructed and have different meanings across culture. All these three concepts are discussed in this paper accordingly with necessary examples.