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Essay on Sustainable Development of Ethiopia in Relation to Environmental Policy

Review article of Global Journal of Energy and Environment Essay on Sustainable Development of Ethiopia in Relation to Environmental Policy Kebede Lemu Bekelcha Department of Social Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Bule Hora University In the developing countries like Ethiopia most of the environmental problems are caused by underdevelopment. Millions continue to live far below the minimum levels required for a decent human existence, deprived of adequate food and clothing, shelter and education, health direct their efforts to development, bearing in mind their priorities and the need to safeguard and improve the environment. For the same purpose, the industrialized countries should make efforts to reduce the gap themselves and the developing countries, environmental problems are generally related to industrialization and technological development (Yared, 2017:17). Keywords: sustainable Development, Environmental Policy ...

An Overview of History and Theory of Anthropology

Review Article of International Journal of Archaeological Research An Overview of History and Theory of Anthropology Kebede Lemu Bekelcha Department of Social Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Bule Hora University This paper entitled “History and Theory of Anthropology” deals with the historical background of anthropology from the very beginning up to its establishment as academic discipline. For this paper, I have reviewed some literatures related with history and theory of anthropology. Hence, anthropology’s history from ancient Greek historical and philosophical writings to 21st century and anthropological theories are chronologically included in this paper. Generally, the contribution of different scholars, event (like enlightenment) and colonialism in the emergence of anthropology are encompassed in this paper. Keywords: History, Theory, Anthropology ...

THE ROLE OF BASIC ATTENTION IN THE ACCOMPANIMENT OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN

Review Article of International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment THE ROLE OF BASIC ATTENTION IN THE ACCOMPANIMENT OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN Manoel Pereira da Silva Junior, Edvany Mendonça da Silva, Veronica Barbosa de Andrade, Clayton Gustavo dos Santos, Ianne Roberta Sales dos Santos, Ana Paula Miyazawa INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain can be considered a pathology and not just a symptom, which negatively influences people’s quality of life, leading to a decrease in autonomy, isolation and impact on social life. In this context, considering the pain related to chronic health problems, it can be affirmed that Basic Care represents a strategic service due to its high capillarity and potential to identify health needs of the population by subsidizing the organization of care throughout the network. health services. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the role of Primary Care in the management of patients with chronic pain. METHOD: This is a descriptive study of a qualitative approach, carried out through literature review. DISCUSSION: Social determinants can be considered to have a strong impact on the prevalence of chronic diseases as well as their reflexes, such as pain. Social inequalities, differences in access to goods and services, low level of schooling and inequalities in access to information generally determine a higher prevalence of chronic diseases and diseases caused by these diseases. In this context, Primary Care plays a fundamental role because it represents a strategic service with high capillarity. CONCLUSION: Primary care has great potential to identify the health needs of the population by subsidizing the organization of care throughout the health services network, contributing to factors that negatively impact the health of the population, causing pain and suffering. Keywords: Pain, Primary Health Care, Health Care ...

PROFILE OF USERS OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN STREET SITUATIONS IN A POPULATION OF ALAGOAS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy PROFILE OF USERS OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN STREET SITUATIONS IN A POPULATION OF ALAGOAS Ana Beatriz Amorim Sales1*; Bruna Brandão dos Santos2; Bárbara Rayssa Correia dos Santos3; Ana Caroline Melo dos Santos4; Elaine Virginia Martins de Figueiredo5 Introduction: the consumption of illicit drugs is a public health problem. Objective: the aim of this study is to identify the profile of street drug users in the city of Arapiraca. Methodology: users were recruited in welcoming communities and at the Special Reference Center for Population in Street Situation (POP Center). A sociodemographic questionnaire was used to provide access to the users profile. All the participants signed the Informed Consent Term (TCLE). Statistical analysis was performed using the Stastistics Package for Social Science (SSPS) version 21. Results: a total of 12 users participated in the study, the age group most affected was between 36 and 45 years. The majority of users were male. Regarding ethnicity, marital status and schooling, 50% declared themselves mixed race, 83.3% were single and 50% had incomplete elementary education. Conclusions: some studies have shown that street users are predominantly male and that this predominance may be related to cultural issues. Further studies with this theme are necessary to better assess the profile of users of psychoactive substances nationwide. Keywords: drug users, homeless persons, crack cocaine ...

IMPULSIVITY IN COCAINE/CRACK USERS IN THE CITY OF ARAPIRACA IN ALAGOAS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy IMPULSIVITY IN COCAINE/CRACK USERS IN THE CITY OF ARAPIRACA IN ALAGOAS Ademir Ferreira Júnior1*, Lino José da Silva1, Maria Sandinéia Bezerra1, Taciana Silva Dias Nogueira1, Ana Caroline Melo dos Santos2, Virginia Elaine Martins de Souza Figueiredo . Introduction: Currently drug use is as a major problem of global public health, given the diversity of aspects involved in drug abuse, psychoactive substances exert impacts on users, families and community, contributing to damage to the physical and mental health, as well as the socio-economic vulnerability and legal problems. Objective: Analyze the degree of cocaine / crack users behavior in Cozy Communities and the Reference Center for Population Homeless (POP Center) located in Arapiraca city in Alagoas. Methodology: This is a research with a quantitative approach, performed in Cozy Communities and POP Center, which are distributed in the city of Arapiraca. The instrument used for the production of data was made by means of structured interviews conducted in the period May to July 2018, in its physical space of the institutions, listing the sociodemographic profile and Impulsiveness Scale - BIS 11. For impulsive behavior grade analysis was used to impulsiveness scale - 11 BIS, based on “Ernst Barratt model, which is considered as one of the most important in impulsive behavior explanation”. Results: The results obtained, the overall score obtained an average of 2.38 were found for each partial average score of the three subdomains impulsiveness, the resulting average motor impulsivity: 2.24 to attentional impulsivity: 2.51 and impulsivity not planning: 2.34. Conclusion: This study shows the importance of impulsivity associated with the pattern of use of psychoactive substances. Keywords: Cocaine/crack, behavior, nursing ...

GROUP PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION: REPORT OF EXPERIENCE IN THE CURRICULAR PSYCHOLOGY STAGE

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews GROUP PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION: REPORT OF EXPERIENCE IN THE CURRICULAR PSYCHOLOGY STAGE Lívia Monteiro* , Maria Catarina Ferraz2, Cybelle Accioly3, Eliane Nóbrega4, Mônica de Oliveira Osório Albuquerque5 e Josene Carvalho6. Background: Pain for the loss of health is not easy to be elaborated by the patient, especially when it directly impacts on his quality of life. Group intervention can be a possibility to work on sufferings, because patients share experiences, which favors overcoming difficulties and adaptations. Objective: to report the experience of group psychological intervention, analyzing the role of psychology trainees in group mediation. Methodology: report of experience. Results and discussion: In the group performed by the psychology interns with patients attended at a school hospital in Recife-PE, the group was constituted. The trainees were facilitators under the supervision of the psychologist of the hospital team, sought to preserve individual and group space, managed the speeches, encouraging the silent participants and preventing the predominance of the speakers. At each meeting they used group dynamics, storytelling, poetry readings, collages, favoring speech and peer identification. The trainees made use of careful clinical listening, transfer and group management in the opening, development and closure at each meeting. For each stage of this, supervisor support was essential. Conclusion: By providing speech in the group, the trainees allowed the patients to reflect on themselves and the history of the other, reorganizing their experiences, promoting and preventing health. And this experience for the trainees enabled the development of group management skills, decision making, conflict mediation, communication and clinical listening. Keywords: group, psychology and intervention ...