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Adult Learning Theory: Reflections on the role of mentoring as a key to success in advanced degree programs

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Adult Learning Theory: Reflections on the role of mentoring as a key to success in advanced degree programs Kent L. Willis, PhD The University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler. Vital to completing advanced educational and training programs beyond the undergraduate degree level is realizing specific dispositions and traits. In this paper, the role of mentoring as a critical contributing factor to student success is examined through critical reflection as a form of qualitative inquiry. Traditionally utilized in professional settings to improve practice, critical reflection provided an emergent methodological approach for close examination of personal experiences with mentoring during the learning process in pursuit and subsequent completion of a professional degree (Fook, 2013). This in-depth examination of personal experience derived lessons learned from individuals that successfully navigated the rigor of advanced educational programs to expose mentoring’s role as the key to success. Keywords: Adult learning theory; Self-direct learning; Self-directed learning; Andragogy; Critical reflection methodology ...

Autologous Tenocyte Implantation (ATI) and the Use of Collagen Scaffolds: a Case Report of a Novel Surgical Treatment for Gluteal Tendon Repair

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Autologous Tenocyte Implantation (ATI) and the Use of Collagen Scaffolds: a Case Report of a Novel Surgical Treatment for Gluteal Tendon Repair John M O’Donnell1,2, Rowan Flanagan3, Jane Fitzpatrick4,5 1Hip Arthroscopy Australia, Richmond, Australia; 2Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia; 3The Northern Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; 4Centre for Health and Exercise Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Australia; 5Joint Health Institute Ltd, Melbourne, Australia Background: Ortho-biological therapies such as platelet-rich plasma and autologous tenocyte implantation injections are hypothesized to introduce cellular mediators such as growth factors into tendons, promoting natural healing. Methods: This case introduces a 63-year-old female with an extensive history of lateral hip pain and treatment refractory tendinopathy with tearing. She underwent open surgery to repair the gluteus medius tendon, using supplementary autologous tenocyte implantation (ATI) in conjunction with a Celgro (Orthocell, Perth, Australia) collagen scaffold. Level of evidence: 4 Results: She had normal function in the hip at 12 months. MRI scans post-operatively at 12 months showed a marked reduction in inflammation, an intact tendon and a reduction in atrophic changes in the muscle belly. Conclusion: Surgical repair of a large degenerate tear of the gluteus medius tendon, augmented with autologous tenocyte implantation in a collagen scaffold led to an excellent patient outcome and MRI findings demonstrated tendon healing with improved tendon structure and reduced inflammation. Keywords: Lateral hip pain, gluteal tendinopathy, greater trochanteric pain syndrome, autologous tenocyte implantation, collagen scaffold ...

Development of Estimate Formulas for Waist Circumference Using Body Mass Index and Limb Circumferences in Hospitalized Older Adults

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research Development of Estimate Formulas for Waist Circumference Using Body Mass Index and Limb Circumferences in Hospitalized Older Adults Daisuke Takagi, PhD1, Masatoshi Kageyama2,3, Kenta Yamamoto4, Hiroshi Matsumoto, MD5 1Department of Physical Therapy, Health Science University; 2Long-Term Care Health Facilities Sunrise Ohama; 3Graduate School, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Cooperative Major in Medical Photonics (Doctoral Course);4Department of Rehabilitation, Toyoda Eisei Hospital; 5Department of Orthopedic surgery, Toyoda Eisei Hospital Background: Little research has been conducted on the estimate formulas for waist circumference using body mass index and limb circumferences in hospitalized older adults. Thus, we conducted the present study to develop estimate formulas of waist circumference using body mass index and limb circumferences in hospitalized older adults. Methods: Forty hospitalized older patients were recruited in this cross-sectional study. We measured waist circumference, body mass index, upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, thigh circumference, and calf circumference. The estimate formulas for waist circumference were developed using simple and multiple regression analysis. Results: Simple regression analysis indicated that body mass index, upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, thigh circumference, and calf circumference were independent explanators for waist circumference (p < 0.05 for all). In addition, body mass index, upper arm circumference, and forearm circumference but not thigh circumference and calf circumference were extracted as independent explanators for waist circumference in multiple regression analysis (p < 0.05). We were able to develop the estimate formulas using body mass index, upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, thigh circumference, and calf circumference. Conclusion: The results suggest that the estimate formulas for waist circumference may provide an opportunity to easily evaluate waist circumference, even in hospitalized older adults with kyphosis posture. However, future studies should be conducted to develop the estimate formulas for waist circumference with a lower error value. Keywords: Estimate formula, ...

Virus transmission through fragmented flight in cooked meat fumes at more than 10 meters of distance, a case report with SARS-CoV2 / COVID19

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Virus transmission through fragmented flight in cooked meat fumes at more than 10 meters of distance, a case report with SARS-CoV2 / COVID19 Florent Pirot Independent researcher Meat is a known virus carrier and its ability to spread viruses is shown here in a different way. Meat fumes from a cooking process carrying a virus led to indirect contamination. Keywords: Virus transmission; fragmented flight; cooked meat fumes; SARS-CoV2 / COVID19 ...

PROGRESSIVE EXERCISE THERAPY IN MUSCLE DYSTROPHY: TWO CASE STUDIES IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH DM2 AND LGMD2D

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Progressive exercise therapy in muscle dystrophy: two case studies in adult patients with DM2 and LGMD2D Nico Nitzsche1*, Noah Augustin1, Michael Klotz1, Henry Schulz1 1Professorship of Sports Medicine/ Sports Biology, TU Chemnitz, Thüringer Weg 11, 09126 Chemnitz, Germany. These two case studies aimed to investigate the effect and acceptance of progressive strength training in patients with muscular dystrophy. Case 1 completed a progressive resistance exercise over 12 weeks. The results showed increases in leg extensor strength, hand strength and balance. Furthermore, the anaerobic test showed an increase in the maximum glycolysis rate. Creatine kinase levels were reduced while maintaining low muscle soreness. Case 2 conducted seven weeks of electronically assisted strength training and electromyostimulation. In the course of the training, an increase in the self-contribution of the performance in the execution of movement was observed in the assisted strength training. Furthermore, an increase in the intensity of external stimuli was observed. The creatine kinase showed a reduction with physiological behavior of muscle soreness. The results demonstrate the acceptance and feasibility of progressive exercise protocols used to increase performance in two cases of muscular dystrophy. Keywords: Muscle dystrophy; Resistance exercise; Exercise therapy; Muscle soreness; Creatine kinase ...

The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes  Saadet Merih Cengel1*, Onur Noyan1, Nesrin Dilbaz1  1Uskudar University.  Rationale: The significance of this research stems from the impact implicit attitudes have on smoking behavior, where positive implicit attitudes can result in a greater likelihood of smoking behavior. Even though it has previously been argued that implicit attitudes can drive addictive behavior there is a lack of research on whether cigarette packaging has an influence on implicit attitudes. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of plain cigarette packaging and designed/logo cigarette packaging on implicit attitudes. Methods: Implicit attitudes towards cigarette packaging were assessed by means of the Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT). A questionnaire was conducted to assess sociodemographic and smoking behavior. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was used to assess level of dependence. The sample consisted of 264 participants. Results: BIAT indicate a significant association between designed/logo cigarette packaging and positive implicit attitudes (Mean d-score > .15). Cigarette packaging design’s influence on implicit attitudes is positive (Mean d-score = .22), where there is a slight association between designed/logo packaging and positive implicit attitudes. Conclusions: When compared with plain packaging, designed/logo cigarette packaging leads to positive implicit attitudes. These findings support the effectiveness of plain packaging regulations where the removal of color, design and logo from cigarette packaging will decrease positive implicit attitudes formed by cigarette packaging. Keywords: implicit attitudes, plain packaging, cigarette packaging, addiction ...