eSciPub Journals

Top Journals

Gestational diabetes: diagnosis, care, and influence on fetus

Review Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Gestational diabetes: diagnosis, care, and influence on fetus Viviane Ramos Bandeira 1,2, Francisco Henrique da Silva2, João Alberto Lins de Lima3,5, Rafael Artur Queiroz Cavalcanti de Sá2, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção4, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos4, Bárbara de Azevedo Ramos4 1Graduating in Nutrition, UNIBRA, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 2Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 3Departent of Chemistry, Rural Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 2Department of Antibiotics, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 4 Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 5 Department of Antibiotics, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by the WHO as a condition of hyperglycemia detected for the first time during pregnancy, with blood glucose levels that do not meet the diagnostic criteria for DM. There are some hormones produced by the placenta and increased by pregnancy, such as placental lactogen, cortisol, and prolactin. In which, they can reduce the performance of insulin at its receptors and, consequently, increase insulin production in healthy pregnant women. Prenatal care is essential to prevent complications for women and children. Thus, an individualized diet should be indicated, exercise during pregnancy, and delivery should be monitored. If the recommendations do not normalize the condition of GDM, spontaneous abortions, the formation of excess amniotic fluid, congenital malformations, restricted fetal growth, and even the death of the mother and fetus may occur. Keywords: diabetes, pregnancy, diabetes mellitus ...

Clinical Symptoms and Manifestations of Gestational Diabetes

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinical Symptoms and Manifestations of Gestational Diabetes Paulo Henrique Valença Nunes1 *, José Rafael da Silva Araujo2, Alícia Helena Arruda Soares3, Suyane de Deus e Melo2, Camila Marinho da Silva2, Francisco Henrique da Silva4, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção5, Evandro Valentim da Silva6 1Department of Parasitology, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 2Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 3Graduated in Biomedicine, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 4Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 5Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco,  Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 6Clinical Hospital, Federal University of Pernambuco,  Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Although there is medical care focused on obstetric and neonatal care, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (MDG) is still considered one of the main gestational complications, due to numerous metabolic, hematological and anatomical risks for pregnant women, fetuses and newborns. In this chapter, the symptoms and clinical manifestations of pregnant women diagnosed with MDG and their offspring during and after pregnancy will be addressed, presenting the probable sequelae, in addition to the pathogenesis of the main clinical complications. Keywords: Symptomatology, Clinical manifestations, Pregnancy ...

Treatment of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and postpartum care

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Treatment of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and postpartum care Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção*2, Maria Lavinya Arruda da Rocha1, Simone de Santana de Oliveira1, Francisco Henrique da Silva1, Aline Fernanda Carneiro Cardoso3, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos2 1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 2 Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 3Pharmaceutical Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Treatment for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus comprises a series of Clinical-therapeutic protocols, which are necessary for proper attention to the patient with this pathology. In this sense, this chapter will address treatment care and postpartum care for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, taking into account pharmacotherapeutic protocols and adverse effects of non-recommended treatments. Keywords: Pharmacotherapy, Treatment, Pregnancy ...

Healing Relationships: co-therapists animals

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Healing Relationships: co-therapists animals Daniela Maria Bastos de Souza¹; Mariana Gomes do Rêgo²; Lorena D’Andrade Aires³; Ewerton Henrique Brito Silva Cardoso³; Diego Lucas Couto Paes Barreto de Carvalho³ ¹Professor of Pharmacology, Department of Animal Myphology and Physiology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. ² Department of Animal Myphology and Physiology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. ³Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. Anxiety and Depression Throughout history, humans have created various “instruments” for the survival of their species, including a need for socialization. These social relationships do not always occur successfully and when they do, there are behavioral changes, such as anxiety disorder, depression and even risk of suicide (SAVALLI; ADES, 2016; SOUSA; OLIVEIRA; CALOUI, 2018). Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) presents as main resources exacerbated fear or anxiety in social situations. Also called Social Phobia, SAD usually manifests itself before or during moments of interaction, as well as in situations where the individual feels observed or exposed to the approval of others (APA, 2013). This disorder is a consequence of one or several factors, whether psychological, biological or arising from lived situations (GOMES, 2014). Those who suffer from SAD tend to exhibit more reclusive habits, reducing their social circle to only their family members and to avoid situations in which they need to speak or even eat in the public. Physically, anxiety disorder usually manifests as hand tremors, flushing, nausea, frequent urination and/or panic attacks, signs that negatively influence the behavior of the affected individual and may cause a more intense degree of social isolation. Social Phobia physiologically impairs the functionality of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands, producing changes in production and releasing of several important hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. This physiological change implies the ...

ANXIETY

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews ANXIETY José Gildo de Lima – Professor at the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Aline Cavalcanti de Lira – Pharmacist at Hospital das Clínicas – EBSERH - Universidade Federal de Pernambuco With the changing age structure of the population, epidemiological shifts are observed. The incidence of infectious diseases has declined over the years and has been replaced by chronic diseases such as cardiovascular, cancer, diabetes mellitus, and psychological disorders. Anxiety disorders are more common among people suffering from chronic medical disease, and the number of medical illnesses is positively associated with the presence of anxiety (RAMOS; STANLEY, 2018, p.57). Anxiety disorders are psychological disorders that have their basis in one of the most rudimentary and adaptive human functions: the innate stress response (‘fight or flight’’ response) (ABRAMOWITZ; DEACON, 2010, p. 104). So, it is possible that during our lifetime we may suffer some kind of anxiety disorder. In fact, the stress response is designed to motivate us to protect ourselves by preparing to cope with a perceived threat. But when this stress or fear is disproportionate to actual threat or danger and significantly interferes with normal daily functioning, the person is said to have an anxiety disorder (ABRAMOWITZ; DEACON, 2010, p.104, OLTHUIS; WATT; BAILE; HAYDEN; STEWART, 2015, p.12). While fear is the emotional response to an imminent threat, characterized by an acute autonomic system activation, anxiety is better described as the “anticipation of a future threat” (DONELLI; ANTONELLIA; BELLINAZZIB; GENSINIC; FIRENZUOLID, 2019, p. 2). Anxiety is a disease which affects a large part of the world population. According to (Kessler et al (2007), approximately one in four individuals are likely to have, or have previously had, an anxiety disorder. Keywords: ANXIETY ...

Speech Language Therapy and Mental Health: analysis of communicative behavior and intervention in individuals with schizophrenia

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Speech Language Therapy and Mental Health: analysis of communicative behavior and intervention in individuals with schizophrenia Ariana Elite dos Santos 1, Luiz Jorge Pedrão 2, Maria Edvany de Melo Pereira 3, Flávia Luiza Costa do Rêgo 4 , José Vinicios Leite Santos 5 1 Speech Language Pathologist, PhD in Science at Postgraduate Program in Psychiatric Nursing of the Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing of the University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. 2Nurse, Professor of Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences of the Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing of the University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. 3 Speech Language Pathologist, Professor at Unicorp Education Consulting, Recife, PE, Brazil. 4 Speech Language Pathologist, Professor of Depatamento de Fonoaudiologia da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. 5 Law Degree of the Centro de Ciências Jurídicas da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Speech language intervention in mental health There are still a few literary reports of direct action of Speech Therapy in public care services to individuals diagnosed with mental disorders which is a current challenge for Speech language pathologist. The only mandatory presence of this professional in the minimum team is in Child and Youth Psychosocial Attention Center (PSACc), but not in the Psychosocial Attention Center (PSAC) for example, where the majority of the users are adults (SANTOS et al., 2012). If, on the one hand, mental health outpatient clinics were an important entry point for the speech therapist into the public health system, on the other hand, in front of PSAC implementation, its presence in the teams is not yet consolidated. In 20 years of SUS (Sistema Único de Saúde) and under the aegis of the advances of Psychiatric Reform it is ...