eSciPub Journals

Top Journals

Transfer Factor Revisited: Treatment of Candida Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Transfer Factor Revisited: Treatment of Candida Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis J. Kelly Smith, MD, FACP1,2* 1Department of Academic Affairs, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, USA; 2Department of Biomedical Sciences, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, USA Candida prosthetic valve endocarditis (CPVE) is most commonly seen in persons who inject drugs intravenously or have indwelling catheters, pacemakers, or prosthetic joints that can serve as a nidus for candida suprainfection and seed the valve. Current treatment guidelines for CPVE include valve replacement and long-term antifungal therapy with intravenously administered Amphotericin B and parenteral or oral therapy with 5-fluorocytosine. Despite treatment, CPVE is characterized by a high recurrence rate (up to 36%) and a 5-year survival of less than 50%. I review my past experience in treating recalcitrant CPVE with transfer factor (TF) immunotherapy and conclude that TF can be a valuable adjuvant in the treatment of CPVE that does not respond to conventional interventions. Keywords: Transfer factor, dialyzable leukocyte extract, DLE, candida, prosthetic valve endocarditis, migration inhibition factor, MIF, monocytes, immunotherapy, immune exhaustion ...

Performance Analysis and Classification of the Ports in Gulf Countries Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Research Article of American Journal of Transportation and Logistics Performance Analysis and Classification of the Ports in Gulf Countries Using Data Envelopment Analysis Amin S. Hamdi Department of Civil Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia The study assesses relative efficiency and performance characteristics of the major ports in gulf countries using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Ports play key role in economic activities of these countries. The study reveal that technical efficiency of the ports in the region varies widely with mean constant and variable return to scale of 67.5 and 91 percent, respectively. Port Jabel Ali in UAE is identified as the benchmark for most of the inefficient ports indicating that the inefficient ports of the region should follow operational strategies of Port Jabel Ali. Also, all the inefficient ports of the region demonstrate increasing return to scale implying that their performance may improve with the scale of operation. Policy makers may consider investment to enhance operational scope of these ports. Keywords: Ports; Data Envelopment; Analysis Efficiency; Scale ...

Application of Artificial Intelligence in Forecasting: A Systematic Review

Review Article of American Journal of Computer Sciences and Applications Application of Artificial Intelligence in Forecasting: A Systematic Review Albert Annor-Antwi and Ayman A. M. Al-Dherasi Supervisor: Dr. Yang Chunting School of Electrical and Electronic Technology and Computer Science, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology Purpose: The aim of this reach is to identify how Artificial Intelligence (AI) could be used in enhancing forecasting to achieve more accurate outcomes. The research also explores the influence that forecasting has on global economy and the reasons why it needs to be accurate. Also, the research explains various pitfalls identified in forecasting. Method: This research implements two research approaches which are review of literature and formulation of hypotheses. Seven hypotheses are created. Findings: AI, when integrated with other technologies such as Machine Learning (ML) and when provided with the right computer power, yields much more accurate results than many other forecasting methods. The technology is costly, however, and it is prone to cyber-attacks. Conclusion: The future of business is highly reliant on forecasting, which directly impacts the global economy. But, not every business will have the power to own the forecasting technology due to the cost, and business will need to increase security to protect the forecasting systems. Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Forecasting, Business, Finance, Market, Machine Learning ...

Dependence on Blockchain Technology for Future Cybersecurity Advancement: A Systematic Analysis

Review Article of American Journal of Computer Sciences and Applications Dependence on Blockchain Technology for Future Cybersecurity Advancement: A Systematic Analysis Author: Ayman Abdulsalam Mohamed Al-Dherasi, Co-Author: Albert Annor-Antwi Supervisor: Dr. Yang Chunting School of Electrical and Electronic Technology and Computer Science, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology Purpose: The aim of this research is to thoroughly analyze blockchain with respect to the role it plays in cybersecurity, and how this role may affect the future of blockchain and cybersecurity. Also, gaps are identified along with the shortcomings that cause these gaps. This research also identifies possible solutions to the gaps or issues. Method: the research approach used here is a review of the literature using the systematic-analysis technique. Other works that address various aspects of blockchain are analyzed in-depth to show its effectiveness. Results: there is a great possibility that blockchain is one of the future’s greatest cybersecurity solutions. Among the major issues include quantum computing, user habits, and conflicting interests. All these issues have various ways through which they can be addressed effectively in order to brighten the future of blockchain’s applicability in cybersecurity. Conclusion: blockchain, as it is, promotes fraud in cryptocurrency and therefore needs modification. Blockchain only needs reinforcement from technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning to make it the future’s most dependable cybersecurity provider. Keywords: Blockchain, Cybersecurity, Cryptography, Algorithm, Cryptocurrency, Encryption, Decentralization, Transparency, Ingenuity ...

ISOLATED ORBITAL CYSTICERCOSIS… CAUSE OF PTOSIS IN CABBAGE EATERS

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports ISOLATED ORBITAL CYSTICERCOSIS... CAUSE OF PTOSIS IN CABBAGE EATERS Perwez Khan, Alok Ranjan, Jayati Pandey Deptt. of Ophthalmology, G.S.V.M Medical College, Kanpur PURPOSE: To report case of isolated orbital cysticercosis METHODS: Patients with drooping of eyelid were referred to our hospital. Patients were evaluated and investigated to find the cause of ptosis. RESULTS: Two patients with acute unilateral ptosis were referred to our hospital. Patients were investigated, blood test, stool tests and MRI were done to rule out the causes. In both the patients ptosis was due to involvement of LPS muscle by cysticercus larva. All the patients gave history of excessive consumption of cabbage and pork. The mainstay of treatment included oral albendazole (15 mg/kg/day) and oral prednisolone (1mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, oral albendazole was stopped and oral prednisolone was slowly tapered over the next one month. The effect of above treatment was seen after few days with regression of swelling and improvement of signs and symptoms. CONCLUSION: Orbital cysticercus stands as one of the major causes of ptosis in the lower socioeconomic status people who are consuming mainly unhygienic leafy vegetables such as cabbage, burgers and undercooked pork. Therefore, these patients should be vigorously evaluated on scans (MRI and CT) so that early diagnosis can be made and treatment can be given to prevent the permanent visual loss or dissemination to brain. Keywords: Orbital cysticercosis ; Ptosis ; Taenia.solium ...

The intriguing post –caesarean sinus : A case report

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports The intriguing post –caesarean sinus : A case report Ranjit Kumar Sahu, Deepti Katrolia AIIMS JODHPUR, RAJASTHAN INDIA The post caesarean fistula and sinus can take place due to tuberculosis , Crohn’s disease , deep pelvic infections or non absorbable sutures and even gauzes. A thirty year old woman ( P1 ,L1 ) who presented with multiple discharging sinuses at left lower abdomen since five months . She underwent lower segment caesarean section 10 months ago. On local examination , there were three linear scars two cm below the previous horizontal scar . The Ultrasound of local site revealed irregular loculated collections of size 3 × 2 cm in subcutaneous plane. We excised the sinus tracts ,but after two month came with reccurence . We did re- exploration and the sinus tract of size 9 cm was excised. Sinuses reccur even without retained foreign body or chronic disease. The management does not differ with the size of sinus. Keywords: intriguing post –caesarean sinus, case report ...