eSciPub Journals

Top Journals

YELLOW FEVER: A BRIEF THEORETICAL REFERENCE

Review Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases YELLOW FEVER: A BRIEF THEORETICAL REFERENCE Jaqueline Pereira de Lima1*; Ana Paula Rocha da Costa2 The yellow fever is treated of a disease infectious endemic sharp viral of origins in Africa and in areas in South America. According to OMS (World Organization of the Health), they are dear annually 200.000 cases of the disease. The etiological agent of the yellow fever belongs to the family Flaviridae and to the gender Flavirirus, which is the responsible for other diseases in the man. The treatment of the yellow fever is constituted with uses of painkillers and antitérmicos with attention specifies of acid acetilsalicílico and flowed in the pictures hemorrágicos. This work intended to accomplish a bibliographical revision on the yellow fever. Now there are several indicative factors of reurbanização of the disease, the incidence of the virus happens in endemic areas, infecting the man and his/her natural host Keywords: yellow fever, I diagnose vaccination ...

THE ROLE OF BASIC CARE IN FOLLOW-UP PATIENT WITH CHRONIC PAIN

Review Article of International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment THE ROLE OF BASIC CARE IN FOLLOW-UP PATIENT WITH CHRONIC PAIN Manoel Pereira da Silva Junior¹ *, Edvany Mendonça da Silva¹, Veronica Barbosa de Andrade¹, Clayton Gustavo dos Santos¹, Ianne Roberta Sales dos Santos¹, Ana Paula Miyazawa² INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain can be considered a pathology and not just a symptom, which negatively influences people’s quality of life, causing a decrease in autonomy, isolation and impact on social life. In this context, considering the pain related to chronic health problems, it can be stated that Primary Care represents a strategic service due to its high capillarity and potential to identify health needs of the population, supporting the organization of care throughout the healthcare network. health services. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the role of primary care in the management of patients with chronic pain. METHOD: This is a descriptive study of qualitative approach, conducted through literature review. DISCUSSION: Social determinants can be considered to strongly impact the prevalence of chronic diseases as well as their reflexes such as pain. Social inequalities, differences in access to goods and services, low education, and inequalities in access to information generally determine a higher prevalence of chronic diseases and diseases resulting from the evolution of these diseases. In this context, Primary Care plays a fundamental role as it represents a high capillarity strategic service. CONCLUSION: Primary Care has great potential to identify the health needs of the population, supporting the organization of care throughout the health services network, contributing to factors that negatively impact the health of the population causing pain and psychological distress. Keywords: Pain, Primary Health Care, Health Care ...

A Study on Bird Diversity and Abundance in a Lowland of the Centre Region of Cameroon (Ekoko II village) confirm High Diversity in the Congo Basin Forest and a Greater Dominance in the Distribution of Species in the Lowlands

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research A Study on Bird Diversity and Abundance in a Lowland of the Centre Region of Cameroon (Ekoko II village) confirm High Diversity in the Congo Basin Forest and a Greater Dominance in the Distribution of Species in the Lowlands Billy. Nguembock1, 2,*, Hervé. Nkingop Djopmou1, Sali. Mahamat1, Esther Diane Olivia. Azang1 1Laboratory of Zoology, Ornithology Unit, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, University of Yaounde I, P. O. Box 812 Yaounde, Cameroon; 2Department of biological sciences, University of Montreal, C.P. 6128, succursale of Center of town, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada Cameroon is one of the six Congo Basin Forest countries. The Centre region of Cameroon (Central Africa) is a relictual site in which several expeditions by naturalist ornithologists have permitted to describe many new birds’ specimens. Only in recent years, very few bird surveys have been conducted in this area to get an idea about the new or old taxa that make up this region. We conducted a bird survey in a locality of the Centre region of Cameroon, Nsimalen district of Mfou (more precisely in the Ekoko II village) to investigate the avifauna as well as to explore the abundance, diversity and distribution and eventually their reasons. To obtain the abundance of bird species, we used the mist-netting method and captured birds during eleven months. In order to analyse diversity and distribution of this avifauna in their life environment, we performed analyses with SAS/STAT and PAST software. We caught 227 individuals belonging to 24 birds’ families. Compared with previous surveys in this region, we newly recorded one family (Phylloscopidae), one genus (Phylloscopus) and two species: Phylloscopus bonelli and Criniger ndussumensis. In the Ekoko II avifauna, many are sedentary but there is also a great mixture of birds described as seasonal ...

Anti-inflammatory Activity of Saccharum Officinarum Linn (Poaceae) Juice in Animal Models

Research Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Anti-inflammatory Activity of Saccharum Officinarum Linn (Poaceae) Juice in Animal Models Agbaje Esther Oluwatoyin, Ayinla Adebola Christina, **Ujomo Tejumade Department Of Pharmacology, Therapeutics & Toxicology, College Of Medicine, University Of Lagos; **Department Of Pharmacology And Therapeutic, University Of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Saccharum officcinarum (SOC) juice has been used for treatment and management of several conditions including urinary tract infection, diabetes, constipation, tooth decay and bad breath according to folklore. This study was carried out to explore the anti-inflammatory effects of the juice of Saccharum officinarum in doses of 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 mL/kg using the following models in rats - carrageenan, histamine, serotonin, formalin-induced paw oedema, and cotton-pellet granuloma. Also employing the following models in mice - castor oil-induced diarrhea and xylene-induced ear oedema. Animals were pretreated with aspirin (100 mg/kg; p.o), cyproheptadine (10 mg/kg; p.o.), atropine (1 mg/kg p.o), dexamethasone (5 mg/kg; p.o.) and celecoxib (20 mg/kg p.o.).  Oral administration of SOC juice significantly (p<0.001) reduced the right hind paw circumference induced by carrageenan, histamine, serotonin and formalin compared to control group. Furthermore, it inhibited xylene-induced ear oedema with peak effect at 20 mL/kg, as well as castor oil-induced diarrhea and cotton pellet granuloma with peak effect at 10 mL/kg. The anti-inflammatory activities of SOC were significant (p<0.05) when compared with aspirin, cyproheptadine and dexamethasone. The study revealed the potent anti-inflammatory activities of the juice of S. officinarum. Keywords: Saccharum officinarum, anti-inflammatory, carrageenan, aspirin, histamine, rat ...

Study the Role of Combined M2-Pyruvate kinase, Calprotectin and Occult Blood Test as Fecal Biomarkers for Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Study the Role of Combined M2-Pyruvate kinase, Calprotectin and Occult Blood Test as Fecal Biomarkers for Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer Atef Abo El-Soud Ali1, Ahmed Abo Zaid Ahmed2, Mohamed Gamal El Helbawy3, Huda Saad Elmehily4, Emad Mohamed Salem5 1Proffessor of Tropical Medicine(Menoufia University), 2Lecturer of Tropical Medicine(Menoufia University), 3Lecturer of clinical Pathology(Menoufia University) 4Tropical Medicine Department (Menoufia University), 5Head of Gastroenterology department of NJCH ( New Jeddah Clinic Hospital ) KSA Background and study aim: One of the main requirements of biomarkers for detecting CRC is that it must allow detection of the disease at earlier stages. The current study is designed to investigate the role of combined M2-Pyruvate kinase, Calprotectin, and Fecal occult blood test measurements as fecal diagnostic biomarkers for early detection of colorectal cancer. Patients & Methods: Total number of 72 subjects (48 patients and 24 healthy controls) were included in the study. Patients with cancer colon and patients with organic non-malignant colorectal lesions were recruited from Oncology and Gastroenterology Outpatient Clinics and Inpatient Department Menoufia University Hospital. Results: There was a highly significant difference between studied groups regarding age and gender (P> 0.001), cancer colon was higher among old age (mean ± SD is 58.96±6.3) and males (70.8%), There was a highly significant difference between studied groups regarding Hb, CRP and ESR (P >0.001); lowest Hb level was detected in cancer group (8.7±1.7). On the other hands highest CRP and ESR levels were in cancer group (7.29±4.47) and (14.71±6.19) respectively. There was a significant difference between studied groups regarding platelets (P >0.05); lowest platelet number was detected in cancer group (272.4±66.9). There was non-significant difference between studied groups regarding WBCs (P <0.05); highest WBCs number was detected in cancer group (8.05±2.3), There was a highly significant ...

Suspicious Jealousy Is Related to Anxious Attachment and Is Mediated By Fear of Intimacy

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Suspicious Jealousy Is Related to Anxious Attachment and Is Mediated By Fear of Intimacy Gabriel Dominguez-Pereira, PhD1, Tiffany Field, PhD1,2, James Vivian, PhD1, Sybil L. Hart, PhD3 and Debra Bendell, PhD1 1Fielding Graduate University; 2University of Miami School of Medicine; 3Texas Tech University Relationships between insecure attachment (anxious and avoidant), fear of intimacy and romantic jealousy (suspicious and reactive) were explored in this study. The Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire, the Fear-of-Intimacy Scale, and the Multidimensional Jealousy Scale were administered to a sample of 210 ethnically diverse adults via Qualtrics Panels. Anxious attachment, fear of intimacy, and suspicious jealousy were positively correlated. Conversely, negative associations were noted between avoidant attachment and reactive jealousy, and between fear of intimacy and reactive jealousy. Mediation analysis revealed that fear of intimacy mediated the effect of anxious attachment on suspicious jealousy and marginally mediated the effect of avoidant attachment on suspicious jealousy. These results are consistent with the transactional model of jealousy and they uniquely specify that fear of intimacy is a significant mediator of the relationship between anxious attachment and suspicious jealousy. Keywords: reactive jealousy, suspicious jealousy, anxious attachment, avoidant attachment, fear of intimacy, romantic jealousy ...