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Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose and Ascorbic Aid (Movicol) for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy:A Case Report

Case Report of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose and Ascorbic Aid (Movicol) for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy:A Case Report Naoki Hotta Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Masuko Memorial Hospital, Aichi, Japan. Colon capsule endoscopy was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in 2014. However, the capsule excretion rate after recommended bowel preparation reportedly ranges from 70% to 90%, and administration of boosters is also necessary. The caster oil-based booster had an emission rate of 97%, but required a total water content of 3L. Some patients have been tested for the second and third time since the test was started in 2014. There is an opinion that these patients could reduce the booster more, and this time we will use the booster with mobiprep to perform the booster on the day with 350 ml. Keywords: Castor Oil ,Elobixibat , Lactulose and Ascorbic Aid(Movicol) ...

Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy in the patients on Dialysis -Including examination of small intestinal lesions-

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy in the patients on Dialysis -Including examination of small intestinal lesions- Naoki Hotta Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Masuko Memorial Hospital, Aichi, Japan. Colon capsule endoscopy was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in 2014. Dialysis patients are potentially susceptible to bleeding because of the fragile intestine, impaired platelet function, or oral administration of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or anticoagulants. However, the capsule excretion rate after recommended bowel preparation reportedly ranges from 70% to 90%, and administration of boosters is also necessary. For dialysis patients, liquid loading is a problem. The patient on dialysis has moisture restrictions. The caster oil-based booster had an emission rate of 97%, but required a total water content of 3L. A study was conducted on dialysis patients using a protocol in which castor oil was supplemented with Elobixibat and Lactulose to determine whether booster volume could be reduced and elimination rates improved. Keywords: Castor Oil ,Elobixibat ,Colon Capsule Endoscopy ,Patients on Dialysis ...

Knowledge of Nutrition Care for Children on Peritoneal Dialysis at National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Knowledge of Nutrition Care for Children on Peritoneal Dialysis at National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam Luu Thi My Thuc1; Nguyen Thi Hang Nga1; Nguyen Thi Hang1; Tran Thi Na1; Nguyen Thi Thuy Hong2 1Department of Nutrition, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam 2Department of Pediatrics, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam Background: Nutrition is critically important for chronic kidney diseases, especially for children on CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis). Nutrition not only plays the role of medication but also can control most abnormal metabolism disorders and preserve the residual renal functions. However, most patients’ families just focus on peritoneal dialysis while ignoring nutrition for the patients. Objective: Survey the knowledge of nutrition care for children with CAPD prescription. Method: Cross-sectional study on the nutritional status of 31 children undergoing CAPD. Interview and assess knowledge on kidney diseases with peritoneal dialysis, knowledge on nutrition care and nutrition practice of 31 mothers with children undergoing CAPD via a designed questionnaire. Result: The ratio of malnutrition of children on CAPD was 37.8%. Knowledge on caregiving and hygiene for CAPD was good with 74.4% mothers knowing about complications of peritonitis, 64.4% was aware of peritoneal catheter exit-site infection. However knowledge on nutrition was limited, only 25.8% mothers having knowledge on nutrition for the children. 9.7% mothers could meet the requirement in nutrition practice. Recommendation: It is necessary to enhance nutrition communication and counselling to achieve the expected treatment outcomes. Keywords: Nutrition knowledge, nutrition care practice, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in children, end-stage renal disease ...

Studying the Relation between lipid profile and HbA1c in elderly patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research Studying the Relation between lipid profile and HbA1c in elderly patients with Type 2 Diabetes Marwa Abdel azim Abdel Gawad and Hend F Mahmoud Faculty of Medicine, Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances in carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Glucose and lipid metabolism are linked to each other. It is well known that dyslipidemia is considered a major risk factor for macrovascular complications in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, obesity-related metabolic syndrome has received widespread attention. The aim of the current study was to find out the correlation between HbA1c, lipid profile and BMI of elderly patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in a sample consists of one hundred and sixty elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Glycemic control, lipid profile, body mass index (BMI) were assessed. Results: There was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and FBS with total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides and a significant negative correlation with HDL. Also, there was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and FBS with BMI. Conclusion: Increased levels of HbA1c, is associated with dyslipidemia and increased BMI. Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, elderly patients, HbA1c, lipid profile ...

Xanthigen® reduces lipid deposition and improves stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Xanthigen® reduces lipid deposition and improves stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans María Dolores Jimenez1, Laura López-Ríos2*, Rubén Pérez-Machín2, Ricardo Chirino3, Barbara Davis4, Elena Talero1#, Virginia Motilva1# 1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain; 2Nektium Pharma SL, Las Palmas, Spain; 3Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC), Las Palmas, Spain; 4PLT Health Solutions, Inc., Morristown, New Jersey, USA Xanthigen® is a nutraceutical combination of two well-known natural products, brown seaweed extract (rich in fucoxanthin) and pomegranate seed oil (rich in punicic acid), and it has been designed to use in weight management, in conjunction with a calorie restricted diet. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans Xanthigen® treatment caused a significant reduction in lipid deposition in wild-type N2 (WT-N2) animals but not in sirt-2.1-deficient strain, which raises the possibility that the prolipolytic or anti-lipogenic effect of Xanthigen® in these animals is mediated through Sirtuin 2.1 activation. This response has been well described for Xanthigen® in cell cultures and other animal models. In addition, Xanthigen® treatment conferred to both strains an increased resistance to thermal and oxidative stress, which opens the possibility that the effects of Xanthigen® are not mediated solely by Sirtuin 2.1 activation. We therefore explored whether Xanthigen® could activate diverse defence mechanisms such as DAF-16 activation, or GST induction in response to xenobiotics, by using the strains TJ356, CL2070 and CL2166, stably expressing Pdaf-16::GFP, Phsp-16.2::GFP and Pgst-4::GFP, respectively. Xanthigen® treatment provoked neither DAF-16 translocation to the nucleus nor increased expression of HSP16.2 and GST4, which opens the possibility that different mechanisms other than DAF-16 and those involved in xenobiotic responses, are activated by Xanthigen® and are capable of conferring to the nematode an increased resistance to thermal ...

Herbal treatment in Mental health

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Herbal treatment in Mental health Balaji Deekshitulu P V Homeopathy Doctor and Psychologist, Sri Balaji Homeo Clinic, Tirupati, A.P, India. The review article explains that the herbal remedies are uses self-treatment of different psychiatric disorders. It is reported that herbal medicines are used in treating a broad range of psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive, affective, bipolar maniac-depressive, psychotic, phobic and somatoform disorders etc… Keywords: Herbal remedies and mental health ...